EXAM 1: Chapter 1 - What is Industrial/Organizational Psychology and History of it Flashcards Preview

Industrial Organizational Psychology > EXAM 1: Chapter 1 - What is Industrial/Organizational Psychology and History of it > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM 1: Chapter 1 - What is Industrial/Organizational Psychology and History of it Deck (13):
1

What is Industrial/Organizational Psychology?

Specialty area of psychology that studies how people behave and think in work situations and applies psychological principles to workplace issues.

2

Fields of I/O Psych?

Personnel Psychology and Organizational Psychology

3

History of Early Years?

Early Years with Four(Five) Founding Figures
Walter Dill Scott
Frederick Taylor
Lillian and Frank Gilberth
Hugo Munsterburg

4

History for WWI

WWI
Army Alpha and Beta Tests, Alpha for literate, beta once they discovered about 30% were illiterate

5

Between War History

I/O is Mainstream
Hawthorne Studies - performance improvement until novelty ends.

6

WWII History

Army and Psychologists work together
Army General Classification Test and Situational stress tests

7

Toward Specialization

Legitimate field of psychology
Sub-Specialties emerging

8

Government Intervention

Civil Rights Act (CRA), Title VII
Uniform Guidelines
ADA
CRA Updated
Project A - ASVAB

9

Information Age (1994-Current)

Technology
Changing Demographics
Economic Changes
Golbalization

10

Personnel Psychology covers

Selection and Placement, Training and Development, and Performance Management;

11

Organizational covers

Organizational effectiveness, quality of work life, Job attitudes, and Ergonomics possibly?

12

Hawthorne Effect

Performance improvement due to being observed / having a novelty introduced, improvement lasts until novelty fades

13

Cross-Cultural I/O

Degree to which psychological concepts and findings generalize to other cultures and societies. Words can have different meanings in different languages and cultures.