Flashcards in Exam 1-Physical & Chemical Injuries Deck (46):
TERM: physiologic response of mucosa to chronic physical injury.
Frictional keratosis: Produces ________ as protective phenomenon (white plaque)
Is frictional keratosis reversible or non reversible?
What is the clinical term for cheek chewing?
What is shredded or macerated keratinized tissue limited to occlusal plane...."linea alba"....tongue chewing?
morsicatio buccarum/cheek chewing
What is the histology of morsicatio buccarum (cheek chewing)? (2)
hypcerkeratiosis + bacteria
DIRECT EXAM QUESTION GIVEN!!: An ulcer is the complete loss of epithelium. What is the most common cause?
What is the loss of surface epithelium from physical injury?
a traumatic ulcer
traumatic ulcer: surface covered by fibrinous exudate (WHAT COLOR?)...which age range is most frequent?
What are the two most common sites for a traumatic ulcer?
lateral tongue and the lower lip
What is a type of traumatic ulcer with injury to underlying muscle?
Where is the most common site for a traumatic granuloma?
on the tongue especially the rolled boarders
What can a traumatic granuloma be confused with? What procedure should be done to verify?
What are the two ways of treating a traumatic granuloma?
1.intralesional steroids 2.excision
TERM: slate bluish-grey discoloration from traumatic implantation of amalgam, subsurface discoloration
What can an amalgam tattoo possibly be confused with?
melanoma...biopsy that shit
Amalgam Tattoo: WHICH METAL compounds stain collagen & blood vessel walls?
TERM: extravascular bleeding into tissue, resolves
TERM: pinpoint bleeding from capillaries
What are the two main reasons for PET-ECH-IAE?
1.Thrombocytopenia (leukemia) or 2.Local Cause (fellatio)
radiation therapy-What are the two types of acute outcomes?
acute dermatitis and stomatitis
radiation therapy-When does acute stomatitis typically manifest? How long after therapy does is persist?
about the 2nd week of therapy...subsides in about 2-3 weeks after cessation of the therapy
radiation therapy-What are the two CHRONIC conditions that can arise?
xerostomia and osteroradionecrosis
radiation therapy-chronic xerostomia-which salivary glands are more sensitive?
radiation therapy-chronic xerostomia- how long does decreased salivary flow last?
radiation therapy-chronic xerostomia-What are two main consequences from dryness of the oral cavity?
candidiasis and cervical caries
radiation therapy-chronic xerostomia- how do you treat someone with this condition lest they get cervical caries?
DAILY topical fluoride Tx
radiation therapy-osteoradionecrosis-radiation damages _______ and microvasculature rendering bone _______
What is the treatment for osteoradionecrosis?
A burn usually produces necrosis of epithelium (WHAT COLOR) which may or may NOT rub off
Aspirin, phenol, silver nitrate, ↑ acid/base are examples that can cause WHAT
a chemical burn
Which drug for epilepsy/seizure control can cause gingival hyperplasia? WHAT % of patients on this drug experience gingival hyperplasia?
Which drug for immunosuppression after an organ transplantation can cause gingival hyperplasia?
What is the MOST likely Calcium Channel Blocker that can cause gingival hyperplasia?
Drug induced gingival hyperplasia severity mostly related to adequacy of WHAT?
Which anticonvulsant/barbituate drug can cause gingival hyperplasia?
Gingival hyperplasia can cause what kind of perio pocket?
What area of the mouth will be affected by heavy metal ingestion?
the marginal gingiva
Which type of hypersensitivity? Anaphylaxis & IgE
Which type of hypersensitivity? cell mediated, cytokines, white/red & white
Which antibody is associated with Type I hypersensitivity?
Anaphylaxis - IgE-_______ mediated erythema
The lady with swollen lips in his ppt was experiencing ________
What is the clinical term for a systemic allergic reaction manifested in the mouth generalized, urticaria?
What is the clinical term for a topical allergic reaction in the mouth?