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Flashcards in Exam 1- Poli Sci Deck (29)
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1

Why did the American Revolution occur?

-One of them is the Boston Tea Party
-King George lost money so he started taxing the colonists.

2

John Locke

An optimist and born in the time the war was ending so it reflects his optimism
-thinks decision are better when people make it together

3

What were in the articles of confederation and how did they work?

First national constitution.
-the art. were so that not one person were to be too powerful. Relied on giving the powers to the state lvl.

4

What's shays rebellion and why is it important?

Rebellion consisting of farmers against state enforcement of tax collection. In MA.
-alarmed politicians throughout the nation
-justification for revision or replacement of the art. Of confed.

5

Core principles of the constitution

-absence of sufficient power in the central govt
-too much power in the hands of the states

6

How does the constitution differ from art of confed

The article of confed relied heavily on the state lvl.
-the constitution relied heavily on the federal govt.

7

What are federalists?

-land owners, the rich, the elite
-wanted a powerful center
2 houses of congress
Only 1 directly elected.
House of reps directly elected.

8

Anti Feds

-had small shops, farms, the poor
-mass theory
-wanted stinger states
-wanted only 1 house of congress

9

Virginia plan

First plan of union proposed at the constitutional convention l called for a strong central govt.

10

New Jersey plan

Opposition of the Virginia plan.
-emphasized the dominance of the states

11

Great compromise

Agreement to accept representation by population in the house and by states in the senate

12

3/5 compromise

An agreement that allowed slaveholding states to count each slave as 3/5ths of a person

13

The bill of rights and why were they written?

First 10 amendments.
- written to get the constitution ratified
-to limit govt

14

Enumerated powers

Specific powers granted to congress
-regulate trade
-coin money
-call an army

15

Implied powers

Necessary and proper powers to congress
-ability to regulate commerce between states

16

Elastic clause

Necessary and proper clause
-lets congress make laws necessary for executing powers

17

Amendment

An article added to the us constitution
-a change or addition to a legal document
-3/4ths of the states must affirm
-2/3rds of legislation

18

1st amendment

Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition

19

2nd amendment

Right to bear arms

20

3rd amendment

No quartering of soldiers

21

4th amendment

No unlawful search and seizure

22

5th amendment

Remain silent, no double jeopardy, requires indictment by a grand jury before a trial for a majore crime

23

6th amendment

Right to an attorney, guarantees a speedy trial

24

7th amendment

Trial by jury

25

8th amendment

No cruel or unlawful punishment

26

9th amendment

Other rights out there, left open opportunity

27

10th amendment

All powers not listed go to the state lvl

28

16th amendment

Income tax day

29

17th amendment

Changes method of voting for senators, now voters would choose