Flashcards in Exam 1- Poli Sci Deck (29)
Why did the American Revolution occur?
-One of them is the Boston Tea Party
-King George lost money so he started taxing the colonists.
An optimist and born in the time the war was ending so it reflects his optimism
-thinks decision are better when people make it together
What were in the articles of confederation and how did they work?
First national constitution.
-the art. were so that not one person were to be too powerful. Relied on giving the powers to the state lvl.
What's shays rebellion and why is it important?
Rebellion consisting of farmers against state enforcement of tax collection. In MA.
-alarmed politicians throughout the nation
-justification for revision or replacement of the art. Of confed.
Core principles of the constitution
-absence of sufficient power in the central govt
-too much power in the hands of the states
How does the constitution differ from art of confed
The article of confed relied heavily on the state lvl.
-the constitution relied heavily on the federal govt.
What are federalists?
-land owners, the rich, the elite
-wanted a powerful center
2 houses of congress
Only 1 directly elected.
House of reps directly elected.
-had small shops, farms, the poor
-wanted stinger states
-wanted only 1 house of congress
First plan of union proposed at the constitutional convention l called for a strong central govt.
New Jersey plan
Opposition of the Virginia plan.
-emphasized the dominance of the states
Agreement to accept representation by population in the house and by states in the senate
An agreement that allowed slaveholding states to count each slave as 3/5ths of a person
The bill of rights and why were they written?
First 10 amendments.
- written to get the constitution ratified
-to limit govt
Specific powers granted to congress
-call an army
Necessary and proper powers to congress
-ability to regulate commerce between states
Necessary and proper clause
-lets congress make laws necessary for executing powers
An article added to the us constitution
-a change or addition to a legal document
-3/4ths of the states must affirm
-2/3rds of legislation
Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition
Right to bear arms
No quartering of soldiers
No unlawful search and seizure
Remain silent, no double jeopardy, requires indictment by a grand jury before a trial for a majore crime
Right to an attorney, guarantees a speedy trial
Trial by jury
No cruel or unlawful punishment
Other rights out there, left open opportunity
All powers not listed go to the state lvl
Income tax day