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Semester 2 Adam KCU Anatomy II Exam Review > Exam 1 Review Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Questions Deck (51)
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1

The inguinal ligament attaches to which of the following pairs of structures?

ASIS and AIIS
AIIS and Ischial spine
ASIS and Pubic Tubercle
ASIS

ASIS and Pubic Tubercle

2

What muscles attached to the red area indicated? (Picture)

Gluteus Maximus
Iliacus
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Minimus

Gluteus Medius

3

All of the following features except one are a characteristic of the male pelvis in comparison with the female pelvis. Which one is characteristic of the female pelvis?

Deeper Greater Pelvis
Round Obturator Foramen
Wide Pubic Arch
Large Acetabulum

Wide Pubic Arch

4

Which of the following features marks the boundary between the false (greater) pelvis and the true (lesser) pelvis?

Pelvic Brim
Pelvic Diaphragm
Perineum
Iliac Crest

Pelvic Brim

5

The less and greater sciatic notches are separated by which of the following landmarks?

PSIS
PIIS
Ischial Tuberosity
Ischial Spine

Ischial Spine

6

The greater sciatic notch is converted into superior and inferior parts by which of the following features?

Sartorius Muscle
Iliacus Muscle
Ilioinguinal Ligament
Piriformis Muscle

Piriformis Muscle

7

Which of the following arteries branches off the anterior division of the internal iliac and supplies pelvis musculature and muscle of the medial thigh?

Obturator
Umbilical
Inferior Gluteal
Superior Gluteal

Obturator

8

Superior vesicular arteries supply part of the urinary bladder and are branches off which of the following?

Superior gluteal artery
Obturator artery
Umbilical artery
Pudendal artery

Umbilical artery

9

The major constituent of the pelvic diaphragm is the levator ani complex. Which of the following is NOT part of the levator ani complex?

Puborectalis
Pubococcygeus
Coccygeus
Iliococcygeus

Coccygeus

10

Which of the following forms a muscular sling at the anorectal junction?

Puborectalis
Pubococcygeus
Coccygeus
Iliococcygeus

Puborectalis

11

Which of the following muscles in the superficial perineal pouch runs alongside the inferior border of the rami of the ischium and pubis?

Sphincter urethrae
Superficial and Deep Perineal Muscles
Ischiocavernosus Muscle
Bulbospongiosus Muscle (Bulbosaur muscle)??????

Ischiocavernosus Muscle

12

Which of the following structures does not exit the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen?

Superior Gluteal artery
Inferior Gluteal artery
Sciatic nerve
Obturator nerve
Inferior gluteal nerve

Obturator nerve

13

Which muscle separates the exit of the superior and inferior gluteal arteries from the pelvic cavity?

Quadratus Femoris
Obturator Internus
Superior Gemellus
Inferior Gemellus
Piriformis

Piriformis

14

The membranous fascia of the scrotum is also referred to as which of the following?

Buck fascia
Dartos fascia
Camper fascia
Scarpa fascia

Dartos fascia

15

The male and female external genitalia are derived from homologous embryonic primordia. The genital swellings of the embryo form which of the following adult structures?

Scrotum
Labia minora
Clitoris
Shaft of the penis

Scrotum

16

Multiple layers form the wall of the scrotum. Which of the following is the deepest layer and is a tough fibrous coat adherent to the testes?

Dartos Fascia
Tunica albuginea
Internal Spermatic Fascia
Parietal Tunica Vaginalis

Tunica albuginea

17

Which of the following layers of the uterus undergo the most pronounced changes during the menstrual cycle?

Endometrium
Myometrium
Perimetrium
Mesometrium

Endometrium

18

Which of the following is the longest and widest part of the uterine tube?

Isthmus
Ampulla
Intramural
Fimbriae

Ampulla

19

The ejaculatory duct open into which of the following regions?

Bulbourethral duct
Seminal colliculus
Prostatic sinus
Bulbourethral gland

Seminal colliculus

20

Paired elongated erectile tissue structures that surround the vaginal orifice are referred to as which of the following?

Labia minora
Labia majora
Bulbs of the vestibule
Greater vestibular glands

Bulbs of the vestibule

21

Which of the following are paired, double membrane folds formed by peritoneal extensions that help to suspend the uterus and support it during pregnancy?

Mesosalpinx
Mesovarium
Broad Ligament
Round Ligament

Broad Ligament

22

The pectinate line marks the division between the visceral (endodermal) and somatic (ectodermal) arterial, venous, lymphatic and nerve supply to the anal canal

True
False

True

23

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the external sphincter?

It extends the entire length of the anal canal
It is a thick ring of smooth muscle
It is controlled voluntarily via the pudendal nerve
It is supplied by the inferior rectal artery

It is a thick ring of smooth muscle

24

The medial boundary of the linea aspera is a continuation of which of the following landmarks?

Pectineal line
Gluteal tuberosity
Soleal line
Intertrochanteric crest
Intertrochanteric line

Pectineal line

25

The quadrate tubercle, which is the attachment site of the quadratus femoris, is found on which of the following features?

Soleal line
Gluteal tuberosity
Greater trochanter
Intertrochanteric crest
Intertrochanteric line

Intertrochanteric crest

26

What is the approximate angle of inclination in the average young adult?

175
150
125
74
15

125

27

The medial boundary of the linea aspera on the posterior surface of the femur continues inferiorly as which of the following landmarks?

Lateral supracondylar line
Posterior boundary of popliteal fossa
Medial boundary of popliteal fossa
Medial supracondylar line

Medial supracondylar line

28

The descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery forms an anastomosis with which of the following?

Inferior gluteal artery
Medial femoral circumflex
Genicular anastomosis
Cruciate anastomosis

Genicular anastomosis

29

The calcaneus transmits weight from the talus to metatarsals 4 and 5 via which of the following bones?

Cuboid
Middle Cuneiform
Navicular
Lateral cuneiform
Medial Cuneiform

Cuboid

30

The adductor tubercle is a site for the partial attachment of the adductor magnus muscle and is found on which of the following sites?

Inferior border of the inferior pubic ramus
Lateral border of the lateral tibial condyle
Medial femoral epicondyle
Lesser trochanter of the femur

Medial femoral epicondyle