Flashcards in Exam 1 Terms Deck (19)
Published legal decisions decided in a court of law by a judge or jury.
The act of sending an appealed legal case back to trial court to determine an issue of fact.
A written document (motion) produced by attorneys and brought before the court claiming that a case should be decided based on a on the applicable law, given that no facts remain in dispute.
Laws (legislation or codes) created by legislators at the state and federal levels.
Period of Discovery
The formal process of exchanging information between the parties about the witnesses and evidence they’ll present at trial.
Standard of Proof
Refers to the duty of the person responsible for proving the case.
The jurisdiction of a federal court to hear a case brought by people and organizations from different places.
The party who brings in action, the complaint.
A legal principle that requires courts to respect prior decisions, generally stand by them, and not disturb the law unless necessary.
Designed to determine whether a person has violated a criminal law and if so, punish the offender.
The testimony of a witness, taken out of court before a court reporter and under oath.
A type of discovery in which written information is gathered in preparation for trial.
A federal civil case that involves a legal dispute between two or more parties.
English judicial system
The system of courts that adjudicates legal disputes/disagreements and interprets, defends, and applies the law in legal cases.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the constitution, guarantees civil rights and liberities to the individual like freedom of speech, press, and religion.
Legal decisions made in a court of law by a judge.
The party against whom legal action is taken upon, a person accused or convicted of a criminal offense.
Courts of appellate jurisdiction.