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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (55):
1

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

African American Workers recruited who suffered from Syphilis but did not know it and had trials on them without telling them

2

Tearoom Trade

Done By Humphreys. Received info through license plate numbers by lying to cops. About homosexuals

3

IRB

Institutional Research Board. Review and allows researchers to conduct research

4

Stanley Milgran

Developed the obedient experiment. Never went to Germany cause lots in U.S. were obedient. Shocker test

5

Nacierma

Studied by Horace Miner. North American group

6

Social Struct

Set of relatively stable roles

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Social Status

Simple position a person occupies in a social structure

8

Status Symbol

We can detect things about someone by symbols and these symbols are shared by more than one person

9

Role Strain

Person has so much stuff on their plate it is hard to do everything

10

Role Conflict

When two roles conflict such as judge and being a mother

11

Status Inconsistency

When status is backwards like a male nurse

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Master Status

Such as gender race or ethnicity

13

Social Aggregation

People who happen to be in same place at same time

14

Primary Groups

Smaller groups with long term and high demands. Thought of as most important by Cooley

15

Secondary Groups

Tends to be a means to an end relationship with a bigger group and short term

16

Material Culture

Includes all those things that humans make or adpt such as computers, houses, forks, telephones.

17

Nonmaterial Culture

Things such as truth, beauty, happiness and boredom

18

Language

Organized set of symbols

19

Norms

Sumner divided these into different categoires such as folkways, mores and taboos

20

Negative Sanction

If you violate a norm the seriousness varies

21

Formal Sanction

Official response from specific organizations in government

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Informal Sanctions

Come from the individuals or groups

23

Institution

A set of ideas about the way a specific important social need ought to be addressed

24

Cultural Diffusion

Process by which cultural things are adopted

25

Subculture

Shared values, norms and beliefs set them apart from other people in society

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Counterculture

Seen as a threat to larger culture. Disagrees with everything

27

Idiocultures

Small groups such as sports teams

28

Concept

A label applied to things with similar attributes

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Constuct

Cannot be directly observed. Racism

30

Quantitative Research

Emile Durkheim. Natural scientists research is expressed in numbers, therefore so will sociology

31

Qualitative Research

Max Weber.• Weber said sociologists should adopt 2 goals:prediciting and understanding social behavior.

32

Complete Participant

Goes undercover and acts as one of them

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Complete Observer

Views things from a distance and people are unknown to being observed

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Participant observer

Admits to being a researcher

35

Hawthorne Effect

When people being observed change their behavior because they know they are being watched

36

Triangulation

discipline that has developed techniques for determining the size and shape of the earth and the location of specific landmarks

37

Status

Label that describes your relative position in a social structure

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Ascribed Status

Status you were born with

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Achieved Status

What you work for

40

Reciprocal Roles

Corresponding roles that define patterns of interaction such as husband wife

41

Social Categories

People who simply share same social characteristics

42

In groups

Groups to which you feel you belong to "us"

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Out groups

When you feel you dont belong to that group "them"

44

Dyad

Groups of two with more intense interaction

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Triad

Group of three, more stable then Dyad and less intense interaction

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Formal Organization

Group designed for a special purpose

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Iron Cage of Rationality

Max Weber. No escape from capitalism and bureaucracy. Change of society from traditional to rational

48

Bureaucracy

Component of formal organization that uses rules and ranking

49

Mcdonalization

George Ritzer. Reconceptualization of Weber's rationalization. Everyone wants to become like mcdonalds

50

Reference Group

Any group that individuals use as a standard for their own behavior.

51

Culture

Learned not instinctual. A set of values norms and behaviors shared by a social group

52

Culture Hegemony

Domination of a culturally diverse society by a class who manipulates the culture to fit them

53

Conceptualization

The process of specifying the meaning of a concept or term in research

54

Opertionalization

Process of turning variables into things that can be observed

55

Exhaustive

Everyone can fit in one category. No questions left blank