Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (48):
thinks about whole states, strong federal government, successful merchants, Pro British, British are number 1 trading partners and allies.
into commerce, limited role for federal government, stress individual rights, Pro-French, immigrants, frontier, artisans, suspicious of constitution, antifederalists
money is at the heart of the problem, lack of things to negotiate with, used whiskey
VA and KY resolutions
these acts are unconstitutional and states should judge constitutionality (compact theory of constitution)
Alien and Sedition Acts
naturalization: 14 years of residency, President could deport any alien, any time.
"false, scandalous, and malicious- "statements", v. government: 2 years in jail and fine.
made illegal any and all exports from the United States, destroys New England's economy
Treaty of Ghent
peace treaty that ended the War of 1812, return to pre-war status, no money, no land, no fault-finding
honest dealings with Indian populations, no slavery in territory
Articles of Confederation
unicameral national government (no executive or judiciary) -one body
each state equal (1 vote)
legislation required 9 votes
Amendment required unanimity
won war and gained independence, stepping stone to constitution.
Daniel Shays, could no longer pay debts (Shaysites)
issue: creditors (hard currency/ high loan rates) vs. debtors
MA government sends 3k troops to Springfield and takes armory
men were willing to take up arms over matter, shines light on need for more domestic authority.
Washington's Farewell Address
distribution of power is important
constant fear of unchecked power
1. stronger fed. government
2. American neutrality
3. virtuousness and unity
4. transition of power?
government that promoted the people's welfare
Bill of Rights
list of basic individual liberties that government could not abridge
infants born to a slave mother on or after March 1, 1780 would be freed at age 28.
country's first and only instance of a threatened military coup, both sides wanted a more powerful central government to arise from the threat.
education would produce better mothers who would produce better citizens
cult of domesticity
also known as the cult of true womanhood.
belief that woman should stay at home and not do work outside of their house.
they had to be more religious than men and submit to their husbands
addressing the questions of the origin of society and legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual
American colonists who remained loyal to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary War
Established America's national government and fundamental laws and guaranteed certain basic rights to citizens
believe that the power of the federal government should extend no further than is explicitly stated in the Constitution
needs to be reinterpreted by each generation if it is to meet the needs of a changing society
Revolution of 1800
during Jefferson's election. rejected Federalist practices and cut back in military spending and taxes.
U.S. sailors taken by force by the British who needed them for their war with France.
belief in the covenant of works and in the possibility of salvation for all
follows theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin
1,000 years of Christian morality and social harmony (God's kingdom on earth)
Era of Reform
time that there was social activism and political reform: sought to change slavery, premarital sex, and excessive alcohol consumption
slaveholders of the South who Northerners believed were conspiring to expand slavery
imposed tax on all paper used for official documents (newspapers, licenses, wills, etc), required affixed stamp as proof that the tax had been paid
right of Parliament to make laws
a crowd taunted 8 British soldiers guarding a house. They threw rocks and dared the soldiers to fire. One finally did and other soldiers shot into the crowd, five were killed.
Boston Tea Party
Sons of Liberty boarded ships and threw chests of tea overboard
4 laws meant to punish Massachusetts for destroying the tea
Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Coercive Act, Quartering Act, and Quebec Act
explained advantages of and need for immediate independence/ inspired people to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain.
Declaration of Independence
adopted by Congress to establish the nation's beliefs and convictions for individual liberty.
Battle of Saratoga
gave victory to the Americans over the British in the Revolutionary War.
Siege of Yorktown
American victory, last major land battle of the Revolutionary War
Treaty of Paris
negotiation between U.S. and Great Britain, ended the Revolutionary war and recognized American independence
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
declared martial law and promised freedom for slaves of American revolutionaries who left their owners and joined royal forces
occurred during Jefferson's presidency, purchase included agreement to remove France's presence in the territory and protect U.S. trade access to the port of New orleans and Mississippi River.
War of 1812
war that lasted 2 and 1/2 years between U.S. and Great Britain, began an era of national pride
regulated slavery in the country's western territories, prohibits slavery in former Louisiana territory north of parallel 36'30' north, except within boundaries of proposed state of Missouri.
American Temperance Society
warned that drinking led to poverty, idleness, crime, and family violence
group of alcoholics who believed by sharing experiences could help keep each other sober