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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (48):
1

Federalists

thinks about whole states, strong federal government, successful merchants, Pro British, British are number 1 trading partners and allies.

2

Democratic Republicans

into commerce, limited role for federal government, stress individual rights, Pro-French, immigrants, frontier, artisans, suspicious of constitution, antifederalists

3

Whiskey Rebellion

money is at the heart of the problem, lack of things to negotiate with, used whiskey

4

VA and KY resolutions

these acts are unconstitutional and states should judge constitutionality (compact theory of constitution)

5

Alien and Sedition Acts

naturalization: 14 years of residency, President could deport any alien, any time.
"false, scandalous, and malicious- "statements", v. government: 2 years in jail and fine.

6

Embargo Act

made illegal any and all exports from the United States, destroys New England's economy

7

Treaty of Ghent

peace treaty that ended the War of 1812, return to pre-war status, no money, no land, no fault-finding

8

Northwest Ordinance

honest dealings with Indian populations, no slavery in territory

9

Articles of Confederation

unicameral national government (no executive or judiciary) -one body
each state equal (1 vote)
legislation required 9 votes
Amendment required unanimity
won war and gained independence, stepping stone to constitution.

10

Shay's Rebellion

Daniel Shays, could no longer pay debts (Shaysites)
issue: creditors (hard currency/ high loan rates) vs. debtors
MA government sends 3k troops to Springfield and takes armory
men were willing to take up arms over matter, shines light on need for more domestic authority.

11

Washington's Farewell Address

distribution of power is important
constant fear of unchecked power

12

Washington's Presidency

1. stronger fed. government
2. American neutrality
3. virtuousness and unity
4. transition of power?

13

republicanism

government that promoted the people's welfare

14

Bill of Rights

list of basic individual liberties that government could not abridge

15

gradual emancipation

infants born to a slave mother on or after March 1, 1780 would be freed at age 28.

16

Newburgh Conspiracy

country's first and only instance of a threatened military coup, both sides wanted a more powerful central government to arise from the threat.

17

republican motherhood

education would produce better mothers who would produce better citizens

18

cult of domesticity

also known as the cult of true womanhood.
belief that woman should stay at home and not do work outside of their house.
they had to be more religious than men and submit to their husbands

19

social contract

addressing the questions of the origin of society and legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual

20

loyalists

American colonists who remained loyal to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary War

21

U.S. Constitution

Established America's national government and fundamental laws and guaranteed certain basic rights to citizens

22

Strict constructionists

believe that the power of the federal government should extend no further than is explicitly stated in the Constitution

23

loose constructionists

needs to be reinterpreted by each generation if it is to meet the needs of a changing society

24

Revolution of 1800

during Jefferson's election. rejected Federalist practices and cut back in military spending and taxes.

25

impressment

U.S. sailors taken by force by the British who needed them for their war with France.

26

Arminianism

belief in the covenant of works and in the possibility of salvation for all

27

Calvinism

follows theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin

28

millennialism

1,000 years of Christian morality and social harmony (God's kingdom on earth)
moral perfectionism
optimistic
social/universal

29

Era of Reform

time that there was social activism and political reform: sought to change slavery, premarital sex, and excessive alcohol consumption

30

Slave Power

slaveholders of the South who Northerners believed were conspiring to expand slavery

31

Stamp Act

imposed tax on all paper used for official documents (newspapers, licenses, wills, etc), required affixed stamp as proof that the tax had been paid

32

Declaratory Act

right of Parliament to make laws

33

Boston Massacre

a crowd taunted 8 British soldiers guarding a house. They threw rocks and dared the soldiers to fire. One finally did and other soldiers shot into the crowd, five were killed.

34

Boston Tea Party

Sons of Liberty boarded ships and threw chests of tea overboard

35

Coercive Acts

4 laws meant to punish Massachusetts for destroying the tea

36

Intolerable Acts

Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Coercive Act, Quartering Act, and Quebec Act

37

Common Sense

explained advantages of and need for immediate independence/ inspired people to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain.

38

Declaration of Independence

adopted by Congress to establish the nation's beliefs and convictions for individual liberty.

39

Battle of Saratoga

gave victory to the Americans over the British in the Revolutionary War.

40

Siege of Yorktown

American victory, last major land battle of the Revolutionary War

41

Treaty of Paris

negotiation between U.S. and Great Britain, ended the Revolutionary war and recognized American independence

42

Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

declared martial law and promised freedom for slaves of American revolutionaries who left their owners and joined royal forces

43

Louisiana Purchase

occurred during Jefferson's presidency, purchase included agreement to remove France's presence in the territory and protect U.S. trade access to the port of New orleans and Mississippi River.

44

War of 1812

war that lasted 2 and 1/2 years between U.S. and Great Britain, began an era of national pride

45

MO Compromise

regulated slavery in the country's western territories, prohibits slavery in former Louisiana territory north of parallel 36'30' north, except within boundaries of proposed state of Missouri.

46

American Temperance Society

warned that drinking led to poverty, idleness, crime, and family violence

47

Washingtonians

group of alcoholics who believed by sharing experiences could help keep each other sober

48

American Anti-Slavery Society

abolitionist society