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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (37):
1

Which layer of the epidermis would be the final layer injured

basale

2

which of the following cells and their functions are correctly matched

dendritic cells -- activate the immune system

3

which of the following statements indicates the way in which the body's natural defenses protect the skin from the effects of UV damage

prolonged exposure to the sun induces melanin dispersion, which in turn acts as a natural sunscreen

4

where would we find apocrine glands in the human body

in the axillary and anogenital area

5

what is the first threat to life from a massive third-degree burn

catastrophic fluid loss

6

which of the following is not one of the functions of the skin

gives the body its overall shape, loss of its function can be seen with the drooping of skin with age

7

a surgeon opens her patient by cutting the integument parallel to the cleavage lines of the dermis. this will result in

faster healing of the skin and less scaring

8

a light skinned person may appear pink when they become over heated. the best explanation for this is

the blood vessels of the dermis have undergone vasodilation, bringing a greater volume of blood to the skin

9

select the most correct statement concerning skin cancer

melanomas are rare but must be removed quickly to prevent them from metastasizing

10

what kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo

hyaline cartilage

11

a fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the

diaphysis

12

the term diploe refers to

internal layer of spongy bone in flat bones

13

which structure allows the diaphysis of the bone to increase in length until early childhood

epiphyseal plate

14

which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system

communication

15

what is the structural unit of compact bone

the osteon

16

the central canal that runs through the core of each osteon is the site of

blood vessels and nerve fibers

17

for instramembranous ossification to take place, which of the following is necessary

ossification centers form in the fibrous connective tissue membrane

18

which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream

parathyroid hormone

19

Wolffs law is concerned with

the thickness and shape of a bone being dependent on stresses placed upon it

20

the suture that connects the two parietal bones together

sagittal

21

the sella turcica os part of the __ bone and houses the __ gland

sphenoid; pituitary

22

the axial skeleton includes

the skull, vertebral column and rib cage

23

paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones

maxillae

24

the antebrachium is composed of which of the following two bones

the radius and ulna

25

which bone forms the prominence of the cheek

zygomatic bone

26

the pelvic girdle does not include the

femur

27

a joint united by fibrocartilage tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a

symphysis

28

connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membrane that acts as cushions in places where friction develops are called

bursae

29

the gliding motion of the wrist uses __ joints

plane

30

in the classification of joints, which of the following is true

all synovial joints are freely movable

31

fibrous joints are classified as

sutures, syndemoses, and gomphoses

32

what are menisci

wedges of fibrocartilage that partially or completely divide the synovial cavity

33

what is moving a limb away from the midline of the body along the frontal plane called

abduction

34

the terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the

feet

35

the hip joint is a good example of an __ synovial joint

multiaxial

36

all of the following are factors that influence synovial joint stability except

number of bones in the joint

37

football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. which of the ligaments are damaged as a result

medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate