Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (80):
Who is Amun Ra?
Primary god of the Egyptians (deity claimed by the royal family)
Temple at Karnak architecture
Lion sphinxes line up (could be real)
Multiple gates with tiered status entry points
Who is the primary god of the Egyptians?
the Pharaoh (deity- son of son god)
What does the term "hypostyle" mean?
Greek for lots of columns
Where is Hypostyle Hall located?
Great Temple of Amun at Karnak, Egypt
Architecture of Hypostyle Hall
134 columns are still standing today
stone blocks are stacked on top of each other
symbolize upper/lower egypt
What does the term "clerestory" mean?
grills that let air and sunlight in on top of center aisle
Who created the Funery complex of Djoser?
Imhotep (first known artist)
Where is the Funery Complex of Djoser located?
What does a "necropolis" mean?
City of the dead
What does the funerary complex of djoser say about Djoser?
He is important
He has an entire complex dedicated to his afterlife
Buildings were filled with rubble and false entrances were created to discourage robbers
Stepped pyramid goes up to sun god
Has a central mastaba
What does the term "ka" mean?
A soul that stays behind on earth after a body dies
What are shabti figures?
slave figurines that work for the pharaoh during the afterlife
How many generic workers were there for King Tut?
365 (one for each day)
How many overseers were there for King Tut?
(3 for each month)
How many directors were there for King Tut?
12 directors (1 for each month)
What did Ancient China look like back then?
made up of warring factions
conquered by a minor province (Qin) to make up the first Chinese empire.
What did the first empire of China look like?
Embraced new tech (crossbow)
Standardized weights, measures, etc.
brutal and cruel
interested in immortality
What is legalism?
Groups are responsible for things and having them inform each other
Strict behavior guides
What does the Tumulus for the Tomb of the First Emperor of Qin look like?
Hill that covers the emperor's tomb
Pits of terracotta soldiers currently being excavated
Why are many of the weapons and statues smashed?
The pits were raided shortly after the emperor's death and there was a political upheaval
They overthrew the emperor's successor
What do the terracotta figures look like?
Figures are unique
Immense attention to detail
Show rank, face shape, hairstyle
Bodies are more standard
Hands were made from molds
Statues done in the round
Included horses and carriages
What is the Kneeling Archer?
An example of a terracotta soldier from earthenware
Where is the Kneeling Archer from?
Tomb of the First Emperor Qin
What does the Kneeling Archer look like?
Pattern on the bottom of sandals
What is a characteristic of Aegean Art?
cyclades (sub culture)
What are the cycladic figures made of?
marble, range in size from a few inches to a few feet
Where are cycladic figures usually found?
What do the cycladic figures look like?
often portray women
Also thought to be made by women
Abstract, clean lines, polished
Originally painted (facial features and tattoo like decorations)
Original purpose unknown
What is the Male Harp player made of?
marble, same style as the cycladic figurine
What does the male harp payer look like?
abstract forms, simple, stylized, cylindrical shapes, play doh, dynamic pose
Where was the male harp player found?
in tombs, not limited to the upper class
Island of Crete
Thought to be where King Minos lived
Bulls and snakes
What is the Snake Goddess made out of?
Faience (glossy ceramic)
What was the Snake Goddess known for?
A feminist symbol
Could be a goddess? purpose is unkown
What does the Snake Goddess look like?
dressed in Minoan fashion
Cat on head
symbolic garments- maybe a priestesss
sized for portability
elongated, stretched figure
How was the Palace Complex of Knossos, Crete, reconstructed?
wooden columns were painted red and black
Large, sprawling complex
decorated with frescoes and sea motifs
How did the Palace Complex of Knossos, Crete influence other cultures?
influenced the Greek myth of the labyrinth and the minotaur
more open, less restricted areas, less directed traffic
What is the bull jumping created out of?
fresco (plaster painting)
what is the style of the bull painting?
less militaristic, more athletic
religious ritual, coming of age ceremony
no heiratic scale
instead uses color to draw attention
could indicate gender/team sport
bordered by an ocean motif
flat, 2d figures
How would you describe Mycenae?
mainland Greece (city state)
burial practices similar to the Egyptians
Set in a strategic location
Limited access, set against a cliff, walls and gates
had the high ground
What is the Lion Gate?
On the Citadel at Mycenae
1 of 2 entrances into the city
What is a megalith?
What is the Lion Gate's purpose?
reminder that they conquered crete
same technique used in hallways and for tombs (domes)
What is the myth that the Lion Gate is created upon?
Cyclopses after the Mycenaens
Lions are standing on either side of a minoan column
What is the Diplyon Krater?
A giant vase
Where is the Diplyon Krater from?
Where is the Lion Gate from?
Where is the Bull Jumping from?
Where is the Reconstruction of Palace of Knossos complex from?
Where is the Snake Goddess from?
Where are the cycladic figures/male harp figure from?
What does krater mean?
The shape of the vase
What is the Dipylon Krater made out of?
What is the Dipylon Krater used for?
What does the Dipylon Krater look like?
Decorated by shapes
Divided into registers
Depicts a funerary procession
Man lying on a funerary pyre
Hands over head, wailing/mourtning
Hourglass body shapes
What is the Palace of Knossos from?
What happened to the Palace of Knossos?
It was damaged and another palace was built on top of it
First palace contained numerous storage areas
4 entrances (grand, narrow, fresco, lead to central court)
Who was the first emperor of China?
How many army pits were there?
What is the writing on Res Gestae about?
Written by the emperor Augustus
Inscribed on the Temple of Rome and Augustus
Records the actions of Augustus' life
At 19, he raised an army and was elected consul
What is Trajan's column?
Over Trajan's forum
It depicts thousands of Romans and Dacians in action in 155 scenes
Most distinctive monumental sculptures to have survived the fall of Rome
What does Trajan's column emphasize?
Rome's vast empire
What is a fresco?
What is a corbel arch?
an arch-like construction method that uses the architectural technique of corbeling to span a space or void in a structure, such as an entranceway in a wall or as the span of a bridge
What is a metope?
A metope is a square piece of art that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.
who created the Parthenon?
Kallikrates and Iktinos
What is the Parthenon created out of?
What is the Parthenon named after?
What is a pediment?
Triangle shaped roof
What is a stereobate?
Raised on a platform (stairs)
What is a peristyle?
When columns go all the way around
What is doric?
the oldest order style
What is inside the parthenon?
A 40 ft. sculpture of Athena
How did the Greeks worship Athena?
They worshipped outside of her "hourse"
What is Lapith Fighting a Centaur?
Best preserved metope from Greece
What is Lapith Fighting a Centaur based on?
A mythological story in which the Centaur kidnaps bride and a battle ensues
Which ones is the Lapith?
Where did Lappith and Centaur come from?