Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (39):
The process of receiving stimulus energy from the environment and transforming it into neural energy
Jack sees a sleek object with four wheels and four doors on the street and recognizes that it is a car. This process of interpreting what he sees as a car is called _____.
Process of organizing and interpreting incoming sensory information
Every day, one sees, hears, smells, tastes and feels stimuli from the outside world. The process of collecting this data about the world is referred to as _____.
Lionel steps on a jellyfish as he walks barefoot on the beach. At the moment of contact, the physical pain he experiences most accurately exemplifies _____.
Rachel is walking in the woods and feels a sudden pain in the back of her neck. Due to the nature of the pain she recognizes that she has been stung by a bee. In this scenario, which of the following processes has most likely help her identify the source of her pain?
Processing involving starting with a sense of what is happening and then applying that framework to incoming information from the world
Bottom-up processing involves analysis that begins with
The intensity of the stimulus is communicated to the brain by varying the ____ of the action potential sent to the brain.
Which of the sensory processes is most activated when a person is listening to a song?
Which of the receptors is most activated when a person is doing watching a silent movie?
The detection of pressure by sensory receptors is called ___.
William James described the human mind as a _____
Stream of consciousness
Process by which individuals think about thinking
Physiological state of being engaged with environment
Knowing about oneself and thoughts about one’s experiences
Individual’s awareness of external events and internal sensations under a condition of arousal
The concept of “theory of mind”
Understanding that everyone thinks, feels, perceives, and has private experiences
Involve individuals actively focusing their efforts toward a goal
Require little attention
What is true of daydreaming?
Individuals drift into a world of fantasy
Drugs, trauma, fatigue, hypnosis, and sensory deprivation produce
Altered stats of consciousness
According to Freud, ____ mental processes occur without a person being aware of them.
Daily behavioral or physiological cycles that involve the sleep/wake cycle, body temperature, blood pressure, and blood sugar level
Small brain structure that uses input from retina to synchronize its own rhythm with the daily cycle of light and dark
Jet lag can be best explained by
The effect of time shifts on circadian rhythm
Waves associated with relaxation or drowsiness are called ____ waves.
What is true of REM sleep?
The longer the period of REM sleep, the more likely the person will report dreaming
Learning is defined as
Relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience
Process of learning the associations between two events
Organisms learn the association between two stimuli
When cognitive psychologists use the computer as an analogy to explain the relationship between cognition and the brain, the brain is described as the computer’s ____.
Claudia has brought a recipe book that gives her step-by-step procedures to prepare Italian cuisines. This best illustrates ____.
Human beings will often reason from the specific to the general. That is, people often form general rules and concepts based on specific experiences and examples. This type of reasoning is termed as
What is true of inductive reasoning?
It involves drawing conclusions based on facts.
Joel and Zeus watch a soccer game between Team A and Team B on TV. Team A wins and Zeus exclaims “I knew Team A would win”. Zeus is employing ____.
being receptive to other ways of looking at things
Ability to do well on cognitive tasks, to solve problems, and to learn from experience