Exam #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #2 Deck (36):
1

What is the conviction underlying psychotherapy?

People with psychological problems can change

2

5 R's for MDD

1. Response
2. Relapse
3. Remission
4. Recovery
5. Recurrence

3

Mental health professionals (3)

1. Clinical psychologists
2. Psychiatrists
3. Psychiatric social workers

4

Psychodynamic therapy basic forms (2)

1. Classical psychoanalysis
2. Contemporary psychodynamic approaches

5

Behavior therapy approaches (5)

1. Exposure therapy
2. Aversion therapy
3. Modeling
4. Systematic reinforcement approaches
5. Token economies

6

Habituation

Decrease in response to a stimulus after being repeatedly exposed to it (learning process)

7

Behavior therapy characteristics (4)

-Relatively brief
-Directed towards specific symptoms
-Best used with problems that are not pervasive or vaguely defined
-Often used with anxiety disorders

8

Behavioral activation

New development for treatment of depression, encourages greater engagement with life

9

CBT

Change behavior by modifying self-statements, modifying construal of events, cognitive processes influence emotions, motivation, and behavior

10

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

Dev. by Albert Ellis, "shoulds" "oughts" and "musts" that cause suffering, debate and rational confrontation

11

Aaron Beck's cognitive therapy

Problems result from client's illogical thinking about themselves and world around them, less confrontational, more hypothesis testing

12

Dialectical behavior therapy 4 key areas

1. Emotion regulation
2. Interpersonal effectiveness
3. Mindfulness
4. Distress tolerance

13

6 motivational interviewing stages

1. Pre-contemplation
2. Contemplation
3. Determination
4. Action
5. Maintenance
6. Recurrence

14

Biological approaches to treatment (3)

1. ECT
2. Neurosurgery
3. Psychiatric medication

15

Unipolar depressive disorders

Only depressive episodes

16

Bipolar depressive disorders

Manic and depressive episodes

17

Anhedonia

Inability to feel pleasure

18

How many symptoms do you need to be diagnosed with MDD?

At least 5, with at least 1 in top 2 criteria

19

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

Mild to moderate version of depression, persistently depressed mood most of the day for at least 2 years

20

Helplessness theory

No control over aversive events

21

Reformulated helplessness theory

Pessimistic attributional or explanatory style

22

Bipolar I disorder

Includes at least one manic or mixed episode

23

Bipolar II disorder

Includes hypomanic episodes but not full-blown manic or mixed episodes

24

Cyclothymic disorder

Cyclical mood swings, less severe than those of bipolar disorder, symptoms present for at least 2 years

25

Agoraphobia

Avoid situations where panic occurs, or where escape would be difficult

26

Types of anxiety (5)

1. Specific phobia
2. Social phobia
3. Panic disorder
4. Agoraphobia
5. Generalized Anxiety Disorder

27

High threat likelihood

"I am going to make a fool of myself"

28

High threat severity

"It will be a disaster if I make a fool of myself"

29

Tripartite Model

For mood disorders
1. High negative affect: depression & anxiety
2. Low positive affect: depression
3. High anxious arousal: anxiety

30

How was stress discovered?

Injecting rats with chemical or saline= ulcers and disrupted immune system

31

Stress influences (4)

1. Gene expression
2. Brain structure and function
3. Endocrine system
4. Immune system

32

Adjustment disorder

Extreme response to usual stressor

33

Acute stress disorder

Precursor to PTSD

34

Prolonged exposure therapy

For PTSD, learn: breathing, talking, exposure, and recall of traumatic events

35

Cognitive processing therapy

For PTSD, getting over "stuck points"

36

Thought-action fusion

Think that having thought makes action more probable= increases anxiety