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Flashcards in Exam 2 ch 7 Deck (47)
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The period between early childhood and early adolescence, approximately from ages 6 to 11

Middle childhood

1

A person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters

Body mass index (BMI)

2

In a child, having a BMI above the 85th percentile

Childhood overweight

3

In a child, having a BMI above the 95th percentile

Childhood obesity

4

A chronic disease of the respiratory system in which inflammation narrows the airways from the nose and mouth to the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing

Asthma

5

Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direct experiences and perceptions

Concrete operational thought

6

The logical principle that things can be organized into groups according to some characteristic they have in common

Classification

7

The time it takes to respond to a stimulus, either physically or cognitively

Reaction time

8

The ability to concentrate on some stimuli while ignoring others

Selective attention

9

The component of the information-processing system in which incoming stimulus information is stored for a split second to allow it to be processed

Sensory memory

10

The component of the information-processing system in which current conscious mental activity occurs

Working memory

11

The component of the information-processing system in which virtually limitless amounts of information can be stored indefinitely

Long-term memory

12

A body of knowledge in a particular area that makes it easier to master new information in that area

Knowledge base

13

Mechanisms that combine memory, processing speed, and knowledge to regulate the analysis and flow of information within the information-processing system

Control processes

14

"Thinking about thinking", or the ability to evaluate a cognitive task in order to determine how best to accomplish it, and then to monitor and adjust one's performance on that task

Metacognition

15

The practical use of language that includes the ability to adjust language communication according to audience and context

Pragmatics

16

A strategy in which instruction in all school subjects occurs in the second language that a child is learning

Immersion

17

A strategy in which school subjects are taught in both the learner's original language and the second language

Bilingual schooling

18

An approach to teaching English in which all children who do not speak English are placed together in an intensive course to learn basic English so that they can be educated in the same classroom as native English speakers

ESL (English as a second language)0

19

The unofficial, unstated, or implicit rules and priorities that influence the academic curriculum and every other aspect of learning in a school

Hidden curriculum

20

An international assessment of the math and science skills of fourth and eighth-graders

Trends in Math and Science Study (TIMSS)

21

Inaugurated in 2001, a planned five-year cycle of international trend studies in the reading ability of fourth-graders

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)

22

A U.S. law enacted in 2001 that was intended to increase accountability in education by requiring states to qualify for federal education funding by administering standardized tests to measure school achievement

No Child Left Behind Act

23

An ongoing and nationally representative measure of U.S. children's achievement in reading, math, and other subjects over time; "the Nation's Report Card"

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

24

A public school with its own set of standards that is funded and licensed by the state or local district in which it is located

Charter school

25

A school funded by parents and sponsoring institutions. Such schools have control over admissions, hiring, and specifics of curriculum, although some regulations apply

Private school

26

Non-public schools organized by a religious group. The curriculum, discipline, and many instructors reflect the beliefs of the religious body, which often provides substantial financial support

Parochial school

27

A monetary commitment by the government to pay for the education of a child...

Voucher

28

Education in which children are taught at home, usually by their parents, instead of attending any school

Home schooling

29

The potential to master a specific skill or to learn a specific body of knowledge

Aptitude