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Flashcards in Exam 2 ch. 8 Deck (18)
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The fourth of Erikson's eight psychosocial crises, during which children attempt to master many skills, developing a sense of themselves...

Industry versus inferiority

1

Freud's term for middle childhood, during which children's emotional drives and psychosexual needs are quiet

Latency

2

The tendency to assess one's abilities, achievements, social status, and other attributes by measuring them against those of other people, especially one's peers

Social comparison

3

The capacity to adapt well to significant adversity and to overcome serious stress

Resilience

4

The legal and genetic relationships among relatives living in the same home

Family structure

5

The way a family works to meet the need of its members...

Family function

6

A family that consists of a father, a mother, and their biological children under age 18

Nuclear family

7

A family that consists of only one parent and his or her biological children under age 18

Single-parent family

8

A family of three or more generations living in one household

Extended family

9

A family consisting of one man, several wives, and their children

Polygamous family

10

The particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the set of rules and rituals that characterize children as distinct from adult society

Child culture

11

Rejected by peers because of antagonistic, confrontational behavior

Aggressive-rejected

12

Rejected by peers because of timid, withdrawn, and anxious behavior

Withdrawn-rejected

13

Repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical, verbal, or social attack on a weaker person

Bullying

14

Someone who attacks others and who is attacked as well

Bully-victim

15

Kohlberg's first level of moral reasoning, emphasizing rewards and punishments

Preconventional moral reasoning

16

Kohlberg's second level of moral reasoning, emphasizing social rules

Conventional moral reasoning

17

Kohlberg's third level of moral reasoning, emphasizing moral principles

Postconventional moral reasoning