Exam 2 - Chapter 9 TM2 Kines Book Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 - Chapter 9 TM2 Kines Book Deck (35):
1

MCP

Metacarpophalangeal

2

MCP also a name for?

knuckles

3

PIP

Proximal interphalangeal

4

PIP also a name for?

Middle knuckle

5

DIP

distal interphalangeal

6

Dip also called the?

knuckles closest to fingernails

7

The most common fracture pattern is a distal radius fracture called what?

 

Hint: commonly called the "FOOSH"

Colles Fracture

 

Fall On an Outstretched Hand

8

What kind of instrument is used to test pinch strength?

Pinchmeter

9

"__________  ____________" is a collection of symptoms caused by prolonged immobilization in a cast. It can lead to unresolved edema, pain, and stiffness even in the unaffected joints of the upper extremity. 

Fracture Disease

10

What are some edema control techniques?

1. Elevation: for elevation to be effective, the hand must be above the heart.

2. Cold packs: use a gel wrap or frozen vegetables.

3. Lymphatic massage: perform range of motion exercises as prescribed by your therapist.

4. Use of an Isotoner glove:please wear as directed by a therpist.

11

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a...

systemic autoimmune disorder. commonly affects women between age 20-50 years of age.

12

Some signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis are:

1. fatigue

2. joint pain

3. inflammation

4. edema

5. warmth 

6. redness

13

What are some protection principles for rheumatoid arthritis?

1. Respect Pain: stop activities befoer the point of discomfort,decrease activities that cause pain that lasts more then 2 hours, avoid activities that put strain on painful joints.

2. Balance rest and activity: rest before exhaustion and take frequent breaks, avoid activities hat cannot be stopped, avoid staying in one postion for a long time, alternate heavy and light activites, take mroe breaks when inflammation is active.

 

3. Reduce the Effort: Avoid excessive loads with cart, get help, and use appliances, keep items near where they need to be used, avoid low chains, maintain proper boy weight, sit to work when possible.

 

4.Avoid positions of deformity: avoid bent elbows, knees, hips, and back while sleeping, practice good posture during the day, use workstation evaluation for proper posture.

 

5. Use the larger Joints: slide heavy objects on kitchen counters, use palm, rather than fingers, to lift or push, keep packages close to the body - use two hands.

 

6. Use Adaptive equipment: use jar openers, button hooks, 

 

7. Distribute pressure: use both hands, leverage, carts

14

_____________ is caused by wear and tear of the the joints. It can also be caused by degenerative changes from overuse or trauma which can cuase distruction of joint surfaces.  This results in pain and stiffness in the joints.

Osteoarthritis

15

Also known as cumulative trauma disorders (CTD) are called

Repetitive stress injuries (RSI)

16

Anatomical snuff box is?

a small depression that is formed when the abductor pollicis longus, the EPL and the EPB tendons contract. 

17

Action: Wrist flexion

What are the muscles of used for this?

1.flexor carpi ulnaris

2. flexor carpi radialis

18

Wrist extension:

What are muscles used

Extensor carpi radialis longus

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Extensor carpi ulnaris

19

Wrist radial deviation:

What are the muscles involved?

Flexor carpi radialis

Extensor carpi radialis longus

20

Wrist ulnar deviation:

What are muscles used?

Flexor carpi ulnaris

Extensor carpi ulnaris

21

22

In this type of grip, all of the fingers are flexed around the objectin one direction, and the thumb is flexed in the opposite direction.

 

cylindrical grip

23

Muscles of the hand are called _______ becuase they orginate and insert on the hand distal to the carpal bones.

Intrinsic Muscles

24

Muscles that orginate in the forearm and cross the wrist to attach in the hand are called?

Extrinsic muscle Actions of the Hand

25

The fingers are often referred to as _________.

 

digits 1 thru 5, beginning with the thumb and ending with the little finger

26

The wrist joint allows for what movements?

flexion, extension, radial & ulnar deviation

27

Show me...Wrist FLEXION

 

A image thumb
28

Show me...Wrist Extension

A image thumb
29

Show me...wrist radial deviation

 

A image thumb
30

What are the three joints of the thumb?

 

the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint

the MCP joint and

the IP joint

31

Show me...Wrist ulnar deviation

 

A image thumb
32

In this type of grip, all fingers and the thumb are abducted around an object with the fingers more apart.

Spherical grip

33

This grip involves fingers flexed around an object in a hook-like manner. Thumb is not necessarily involved.

 

Hook grip

34

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