EXAM #2: DIAGNOSING RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS Flashcards Preview

Infectious Disease > EXAM #2: DIAGNOSING RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM #2: DIAGNOSING RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS Deck (21):
1

What culture finding is pathognomonic for Blastomycosis?

"Broad-based budding"

2

What should you think when you hear rusty sputum?

Strep. pnuemoniae

3

What should you think when you hear foul smelling sputum?

Lung abscess

4

What is the differential for hemoptysis?

1) Bronchitis
2) Pneumonia
3) TB
4) Cancer
5) PE
6) Trauma

5

What organism is associated with alcoholism and lung infections?

S. pneumoniae

6

What organisms are associated with smoking/COPD and lung infections?

1) H. influenzae
2) P. aeruginosa

7

What organism is aspiration associated with?

Gram-negative enteric pathogens

8

What organism is associated with lung abscesses?

MRSA

9

What organisms are associated with exposure to bat or bird droppings?

Histoplasma

10

What organism is exposure to birds associated with?

Chlamydophila psittaci

11

What organism is exposure to rabbits associated with?

Francisella tularensis

12

What organism is exposure to farm animals associated with?

Coxiella brunetti (Q-fever)

13

What organism is associated with a hotel or cruise ship stay?

Legionella

14

What organism is associated with the southwest US?

Coccidioides

15

What organism is associated with IVDA?

S. aureus

16

What medium is used to grow MTB?

Lowenstein-Jensen

17

What is the most common etiology of sinusitis?

Viral infection and allergies

18

What are the most common causes of bronchitis?

Viral:
- Rhino
- Parainfluenza
- Influenza
- Corona
- RSV
- Metapneumonvirus

19

When would a patient require contact precautions?

MRSA pneumonia

20

When would a patient require droplet precautions?

- Influenza
- Pertussis
- Adenovirus

21

When would a patient require airborne precautions?

- TB
- Chickenpox
- SARS
- Smallpox