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Flashcards in exam 2 review Deck (79)
1

stimulants

1. sudafed
2. amphetamines
3. caffeine

2

cannot be made from the hydrolysis of starch

1. amylase
2. galactose
3. glycerol

3

water soluble

1. sucrose
2. fructose
3. pentose
4. salt

4

react with a benedicts solution

1. maltose
2. aldopentose
3.

5

true neurotransmitters

1. they are chemicals that transmits a nerve impulse across a synapse
2. certain drugs can increase the effect of the NT
3. most are synthesized in the body from amino acids

6

true monosaccharides

1. natrually occuring monosaccharides are usually "d" sugars
2. their closed forms are in equilibrium with their open forms
3. they can bass through cell membrane

7

valium and xanax affect this neurotransmitter

GABA

8

patients with parkinsons disease have too little

dopamine

9

anti-depressants affect this neurotransmitter

serotonin

10

neurotransmitter that affects the amount of stomach acid produced

histamine

11

cocaine affects the re-uptake of this neurotransmitter, causing high levels of this neurotransmitter to build up in the synapses

dopamine

12

alzheimers patients have too little of this neurotransmitter

acetylcholine

13

produced by the body in response to an allergic reaction

histamine

14

involved in the brain with short term memory

acetylcholine

15

neurotransmitter that is referred to as involved in body temperature and sleep

serotonin

16

neurotransmitter that is thought to be involved in eating disorders

serotonin

17

neurotransmitter reffered to as a dopamine modulator. it reduces anxiety

GABA

18

neurotransmitter made from dopamine

norphinephrine

19

excess of this neurotransmiter can lead to schizophrenic symptoms

dopamine

20

nicotine mimics this neurotransmitter, thus enhancing mental alertness

acetylcholine

21

what monosaccharide is found in cellulose

glucose

22

compound that mimics acetylcholine
this compoud can be fatal if ingested

nicotine

23

used in dentistry as local anesthetic

novocaine

lidocaine

24

compound given in clinics used to treat heroin addicts
addictive

methadone

25

heroin antagonist which is used in emergency rooms to treat heroin overdosing

naloxone

26

synthetic narcotic used in hospital which is milder than morphine

demerol

27

name of a specific drug used as a serotonin re-uptake inhibitor

paxil
zoloft
prozac

28

what is an equal amount of enantiomers called

racemic mixture

29

what is the relationship of D-glucose and L-glucose

enantiomers

30

what is the relationship of alpha D-glucose and beta D-glucose
(not diasteromers)

anomers

31

what is the sweetest carbohydrate

fructose

32

what is the name of the branched part of the starch

amylopectin

33

what carbohydrate is used in baby cereal and as a glue on stamps and envelopes

dextrins

34

what polysaccharide has beta 1-4 linkages that cannot be digested by humans

cellulose

35

glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as this

glycogen

36

street drug synthesized from morphine

heroin

37

ampehtamine abused on college campus which is used as a "study" aid

adderall

38

what is the compound that is amde from the coca plant

cocaine

39

compound given to patients with parkinson's disease to lessen the symptoms

Dopa
(L-DOPA)

40

any compound that mimics the activity of a drug is called

agonist

41

the receptor site for morphine are actually the same receptor sites for what compounds
(which are produced by the body)

endorphins

42

what is the term for the effect of one drug enhancing the action of another

synergistic

43

what polysaccharide is found in grass and wood

cellulose

44

what other monosaccharide (other than glucose) is found in table sugar

fructose

45

the closed form of a monosaccharide is a hemiacetal, while a glycoside is an acetal

true

46

it is safe to give a pair of enantiomeric drugs because one is physiologically active and the other is NEVER physiologically active

False

47

MAO inhibitors will inhibit the enzyme which degrades most NT

true

48

ritalin is sedative which is used to treat hyperactive children

false

49

if a compound has a plane of symmetry it still can be optically active

false

50

enantiomers are always mirror images of each other and superimposable

false

51

D-glucose can easily be converted to L-glucose

false

52

smokers contract parkinsons disease less often than non-smokers

true

53

corn has a greater % of starch than potatoes

true

54

diasteromers are steroisomers with two or more chiral carbons and are not mirror images

true

55

compounds with chiral carbons are always optically active

false
meso compounds

56

galactosemia, galactose is not converted to glucose and can build up in the brain

true

57

a reducing sugar is a sugar that can be reduced

false
oxidized

58

alpha D-ribose in solution can open up and can close up to beta D-ribose

true

59

enantiomers have the same melting points and boiling points

true

60

DOPA can pass through the BBB while dopamine cannot

true

61

Thorazine is an antipsychotic drug that is a dopamine agonist

false
antagonist

62

cocaine addiction can cause a decrease in the number of dopamine receptor sites

true

63

anti-anxiety medication can be addictive

true

64

paranoia can be caused by amphetamine abuse

true

65

all meso compounds have a plane of symmetry and on or more chiral carbons

false
two or more

66

polysaccharides are not very soluble in water

true

67

serotonin antagonists are used to treat depression and OCD

false

68

an overdose of anti-psychotic drugs can lead to parkinson's symptoms

true

69

starch gives a positive iodine test because the I2 reacts with the aldehyde and the amylose

false

70

dextrose is given intravenously instead of glucose because it is easier to metabolize

false
dextrose is glucose

71

many of the artificial sweeteners (non-carbohydrates) were discovered by accident

true

72

what was the name of the girlfriend of the researcher that first synthesized the precusors to seconal, luminal, and nembutal

barbara

73

how many D-aldohexoses are there

8
2^3= 8

74

how many D-2-ketopentoses are there

2

75

bottle gave a negative iodine test and postitive tollens test. the results did not change after acid was added

glucose

76

bottle gave a postive iodine test and a negative tollens test
when hydrolyzed with acid, however it gave a negative iodine test and a positive tollens test

starch

77

bottle gave a negative iodine test and a negative tollens test
when hydrolyzed with acid it still gave a negative iodine test but gave a postitve tollens test

sucrose

78

what does ferric chloride (FeCl3) test for

phenols

79

structure for B-hydroxypentanamide

CH3CH2CH(OH)CH2(C=O)-NH2