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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (31):
1

conflicts that divide people along ethnic, religious, and secterian lines

secterian violence

2

organization of the petrolium exporting countries formed in 1960. producing nation and cartel

OPEC

3

ideological conflict between the US and Russia, from 1945-1990***

cold war

4

european union. an economic and political organization of europe. 27 countries***

EU

5

1985. agreement among the members of the EU that relates to border formalities. ***

Schengen agreement

6

symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary that divided europe into two separate areas 1945-1991. went through germany ***

iron curtain

7

location of a state whose position is that of preventing conflict.***

buffer zone

8

north atlantic treaty organization. north atlantic and european allies****

NATO

9

not on exam. geopolitical term. term that relates to the balkan region.****

Balkanization

10

breaking apart within a political unit such as a nation state.

devolution

11

the common monetary policy that relates to the currency of europe.****

Eurozone

12

industrial revolution

begain in europe. began in britian in 1750

13

***national policy of reclaiming lost lands of those inhabited by people of the same ethnicity.

irredentism

14

very private businessmen who control the important aspects of the Russian economy(along w organized crime)

oligarchs

15

soil found in the northern forest. acidic soil with limited fertility***

podzol soils

16

dark fertile soil. associated with grassland settings. found in southern Russia.****

chernozem soils

17

permanently frozen ground of Russia. north of Russia.*****

permafrost

18

a policy of Russia that was designed to make all 9 russians(who arent russian, everyone) more rusisan****

russification

19

the large state construction urban housing projects built by the soviets in the 70s and 80s*****

mikrorayon

20

the major branch of christianity in russia******

eastern orthodox

21

state where the key economic sectors are controlled by the government***

socialist state

22

the common wealth of independent states. former soviet republics that were formed after the desolation of Russia.***

CIS

23

members of the military and security forces. (KGB)***

siloviki

24

a policy that relates to political openness ****

glasnost

25

a program of economic and political reform. restructuring ***

perestroika

26

accumilation of salt in top layer of soil

salinization

27

form pf pasteuralism. relates to animals are taken during the season

transhumance

28

206bc. silk trade of china to italy

silk road

29

islamic fundamentalist political group of afghanistan

taliban

30

advocate for tibet rights. as of the buddhist faith

dalai lama

31

government ran by religious leaders

theocracy