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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (146)
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1

Zika is which of the below?
A. Low G+C Gram Positive Bacterium
B. dsDNA bacteriophage
D. ssRNA plus straded virus related to yellow fever and dengue fever
E. A new health/energy drink that incorporates lactic acid bacteria

D. ssRNA plus straded virus related to yellow fever and dengue fever

2

Zika is associated with which of the below?
A. prions
B. microcephaly in fetuses, and subsequent birth defects
C. fungi that do not reproduce sexually
D. the one-step growth experiment
E. Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch

B. microcephaly in fetuses, and subsequent birth defects

3

Fungi can
A. establish symbiotic relationships with algae and cyanobacteria
B. cause ringworm
C. digest lignin in wood
D. synthesize LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
E. do all of the above

E. do all of the above

4

Which term means "the study of algae?"
A. mycology
B. phycology
C. antinomycetology
D. scientology
E. pornography

B. phycology

5

Bradyrhizobium japonicum
A. forms a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with soybeans
B. is a fast growing member of Rhizobiaceae
C. is a gram-positive coccus
D. may grow chemolithotrophically as well as heterotrophically
E. Both A and D

E. Both A and D

6

Stephen Colbert shares the following characteristics with which of the below?
A. he is an obligate anaerobe, like Clostridium spp. or Bifidobacterium spp. So he never needs to actually breathe... as you can see if you watch him
B. high 18S rRNA gene sequence homology with those fungi
C. heterotrophic bacteria, i.e. he cannot photosynthesize, or autotrophically assimilate his carbon from carbon dioxide
D. B and C
E. Identical DNa sequence homology with Justin Bieber
F. Stephen Colbert shares only with himself

D. B and C

7

Stephen Colbert is related phylogenetically most closely to which of the below?
A. Archaea
B. Bacteria
C. eukaryotic algae
D. Fungi
E. pond scum

D. fungi

8

Which is/are characteristics of members of the Pseudomonas spp.?
A. polar flagella
B. fluorescent soluble pigments released into media
C. Enter-Doudoroff
D. Gram negative, non-spore formers
E. All of the above

E. All of the above

9

What is the term used to describe Bacteria that can use methane or methanol as a carbon source?
A. methanogen
B. methylotroph
C. diazotroph
D. autotroph
E. auxotroph

B. methylotroph

10

Bdellovibrio bactivorus
A. is a bacterium
B. is an obligate intracellular parasite
C. preys on E. coli
D. is a member of Phylum Proteobacteria
E. is all of the above

E. is all of the above

11

IF- and I am just speculating here - Stephen Colbert had evolved high enough to be a prokaryotic microbe, he might have enhanced metabolic and genetic capabilities. What might he do now/
A. survive as a heterotrophic organism
B. vertically transfer the genes of Stephen Colbert to his offspring
C. chemilitotrophic growth
D. photosynthetic, diazotrophic and methanogenic capabilities
E. A and B only

E. A and B only

12

As an infant, Stephen Colbert's large intestine was most likely first colonized by which of the below?
A. bacteria
B. Bifidobacterium spp.
C. fungi
D. algae
E. A and B
F. his family housekeeper/ maid/ nanny/ butler
G. Stephen Colbert himself - he was so into himself even while in his mother's/father's womb

E. A and B

13

Fungi in general tend to...
A. prefer lower pH than do most bacteria
B. tolerate higher osmotic pressure environments such as syrups and honey
C. be aerobic and heterotrophic
D. be all of the above
E. be extremophiles in tolerating high temperatures and high pH

D. all of the above

14

Diatoms...
A. have silica skeletons
B. are members of the Chrysophyta
C. provide materials for filters and abrasives
D. have cells with a bilateral symmetry
E. are all of the above

E. are all of the above

15

Which is the most serious class of human mycoses?
A. superficial
B. dermatophytic
C. tineas
D. subcutaneous
E. systemic

E. systemic

16

Which is NOT a type of nucleic acid found in animal viruses?
A. single stranded DNA polypeptides
B. double stranded RNA
C. single stranded RNA
D. double stranded DNA
E. single stranded DNA

A. single stranded DNA polypeptides

17

Described infectious proteinaceous entities that apparently contain no nucleic acids.
A. Twort and D'Herrelle
B. Rebecca Lancefield
C. Steven Lindow
D. Stanley Prusiner
E. Delbruck and Ellis

D. Stanley Prusiner

18

Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Zygomycota
A. Protozoa
B. Bacteria
C. Fungi
D. viruses
E. Archaea

C. Fungi

19

Microbes with cellulose cell walls
A. Fungi
B. Eukaryotic algae
C. Bacteria
D. Non-cellular, infectious entities
E. All of the above

B. Eukaryotic algae

20

The nucleic acid contained in Lambda virions is which of the below?
A. dsRNA
B. covalently closed circular dsDNA
C. linear dsDNA with cohesive ends
D. circular ssDNA
E. double stranded RNA

C. linear dsDNA with cohesive ends

21

Fungi...
A. are comprised of prokaryotic cells
B. have chitin as cell walls
C. produce chlorophyll under aerobic conditions
D. are prokaryotes or eukaryotes, depending on the species
E. are obligate anaerobes

B. have chitin as cell walls

22

"Snapping" cell division
A. is characteristic of some "High G+C Gram Positives"
B. occurs in Corynebacterium diptheriae
C. occurs in Psuedomonadales
D. Both A and B
E. None of the above

D. Both A and B

23

Phallus spp.
A. are basidiomycetes
B. have a strong unpleasant odor and are commonly referred to as "stinkhorn fungi"
C. closely resemble the genitalia of a human male
D. are indigenous to Northwest Florida
E. are all of the above

E. are all of the above

24

Which of the below is eukaryotic?
A. Ciliphora (e.g., Paramecium, Tetrahymena)
B. Rhizopus stolinifera, Neurospora crassa
C. Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp.
D. Chloryphyta, Rhodophyta, Phaeophyta
E. All of the above

E. All of the above

25

Which organism has cells that are likely to retain a stain when washed with acid alcohol?
A. bacteria with mycolic acids in their cell walls
B. acid-fast bacteria
C. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
D. All of the above
E. A and B only

D. All of the above

26

Circular permutation of DNA sequences...
A. occurs in T coliphage viruses
B. means that the DNA base sequence reads as if the physical DNA is a circular
C. occurs in prions
D. is A and B only
E. is none of the above

A. occurs in T coliphage viruses

27

Epstein-Barr Virus, Human Herpesvirus 8 and Human papillomavirus all...
A. have double stranded RNA genomes
B. are single-stranded DNA viruses
C. are implicated as causes of human cancer
D. are T-type bacteriophages
E. have both DNA and RNA

C. are implicated as causes of human cancer

28

Wrote "Introductory Mycology"- a classical text
A. Thomas Brock, Dave Ward
B. Constantine John Alexopoulos
C. Howard Temin, David Baltimore
D. Steven Lindow
E. Selman Waksman

B. Constantine John Alexopoulos

29

The amoeboid cells of Dictyostelium discoideum swarm toward an "I cell" attracted by the release of...
A. 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate
B. "Acrasin"
C. a pheromone
D. all of the above
E. steroid hormones
F. really sexy-smelling perfume

D. all of the above

30

Which genus below is claimed by both botanists and zoologists?
A. Chlorella
B. Euglena
C. Neurospora
D. Agaricus
E. Candida

B. Euglena