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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (30):
1

Conducting a Job search

1) networking-> the systematic contacting of people who can provide information about available jobs or who can offer jobs
2) career fair
3) the Internet- one of the most valuable tools

2

Interview

- a planned meeting or conversation in which one person asks questions and another person answers them

3

How to prepare for an interview

1) mock interview
2) research the company
3) write down questions to ask
4) create a blog or website
5) consider your attire

4

Things to consider before the interview

1) consider your online image
2) research the company
3) Cover letter
- identify the job and how you learned about the position, indicate desire for interview
4) Resume
briefly and accurately describes an individual's personal, educational, and professional qualifications and experiences

5

Prepare for Interview

1) Do your homework
2) provide a self-summary
3) rehearse interview questions
4) prepare a list of questions
5) set goals

6

Guidelines for Interviewee

1) dress appropriately
2) arrive early
3) be confident
4) be considerate and thankful
5) ask questions
6) not too much makeup, Cologne, jewelry

7

During the interview

- listen actively
- think then answer
- consider nonverbal communication
- be clear and concise with answers
- show diversity in answers

8

After the interview

1) shake hands
2) say thank you
3) write a personal thank you note within 48-72 hours
4) critique yourself
5) follow up with permission
6) contact for feedback

9

Perception

The process of selecting, organizing and interpreting information to give personal meaning to communication

- based on our experiences, give meaning to our communication, influences how we communicate with others, requires at least 1 of 5 senses

10

Perception Process

1) Selecting
- exposure, attention, retention
2) Organizing
- closure, proximity, similarity
3) Interpreting
- past experiences, new situations, opinions of others

11

Selection

- sorting of one stimulus to another based on our previous experiences

12

Selective Exposure

- deliberate choices we make to experience or avoid particular stimuli
Ex: choosing to attend a concert instead of a funeral

13

Selective attention

- focusing on a specific message while ignoring or downplaying other stimuli

Ex: talking to someone while music is playing, ignoring the music

14

Selective Retention

- when we choose to process and store certain information we want to retrieve and use again

Ex: more likely to remember stuff that agrees with our views

15

Organization

- the way our minds sort information, has a profound effect on how we perceive others, how we speak to them and how they respond to us

16

Cognitive complexity

- used by psychologists to measure and explain our ability to process, interpret and store simple to intricate information

- make simple judgement, then apply complex thought
ex: he talks a lot so he must want attention

17

Closure

- a way to organize the stimuli
- filling on of the details so that partially perceived entity appears to be complete
Ex: cow pic make meaningless material meaningful

18

Proximity

- way of organizing
- the grouping of two or more stimuli that are close to one another

Ex: thinking people who live near us act the same way

19

Similarity

- way of organizing
-the grouping of stimuli that resemble one another in size, shape, color, or other traits

Ex: assuming that everyone of the same culture act the same bc they look alike

20

Interpretation

- integral part of who we are and how our perceptions influence communication
-the assigning of meaning to stimuli

21

4 ways to interpret

1) past experiences
Ex: assuming someone will know what 3rd avenue is if you are giving directions
2) new situations
Ex: can't let one bad doctor make u think all are bad
3) others opinions
Ex: hearing on the news the hurricane won't hit ur area hard might make you plan less
4) verbal communication
Ex: voices to produce images

22

Perceptual set

- a fixed, previously determined view of events, objects or people
- rely on past experiences don't take new info into account

23

Stereotyping

- the categorizing of events, objects and people Without regard to unique individual characteristics and qualities

24

Attribution

- the complex process through which we attempt to understand the reasons behind others behaviors

25

2 Factors influence our assumptions about our own and others behaviors

1) the situation or environment
2) disposition or traits of the person

26

Fundamental Attribution of error

- perceiving others as acting as they do because they are "that type of person" rather than because of any external factors that may have influenced their behavior

Ex: Shirley was late because she always over sleeps (meanwhile she could have had a car accident)

27

Factors that weigh into perception

1) Physical characteristics
2) Psychological state
Ex: when happy view things in a more positive light
3) cultural background
4) Gender

28

Culture

- a set of interpretations about beliefs, values, norms, social practices, which affect behaviors if a relatively large group

29

Ethnocentrism

- a learned belief that our own culture is better than everyone else's

30

Cultural myopia

-perceiving that ones own culture is superior AND being small minded about other cultures