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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (30):

Conducting a Job search

1) networking-> the systematic contacting of people who can provide information about available jobs or who can offer jobs
2) career fair
3) the Internet- one of the most valuable tools



- a planned meeting or conversation in which one person asks questions and another person answers them


How to prepare for an interview

1) mock interview
2) research the company
3) write down questions to ask
4) create a blog or website
5) consider your attire


Things to consider before the interview

1) consider your online image
2) research the company
3) Cover letter
- identify the job and how you learned about the position, indicate desire for interview
4) Resume
briefly and accurately describes an individual's personal, educational, and professional qualifications and experiences


Prepare for Interview

1) Do your homework
2) provide a self-summary
3) rehearse interview questions
4) prepare a list of questions
5) set goals


Guidelines for Interviewee

1) dress appropriately
2) arrive early
3) be confident
4) be considerate and thankful
5) ask questions
6) not too much makeup, Cologne, jewelry


During the interview

- listen actively
- think then answer
- consider nonverbal communication
- be clear and concise with answers
- show diversity in answers


After the interview

1) shake hands
2) say thank you
3) write a personal thank you note within 48-72 hours
4) critique yourself
5) follow up with permission
6) contact for feedback



The process of selecting, organizing and interpreting information to give personal meaning to communication

- based on our experiences, give meaning to our communication, influences how we communicate with others, requires at least 1 of 5 senses


Perception Process

1) Selecting
- exposure, attention, retention
2) Organizing
- closure, proximity, similarity
3) Interpreting
- past experiences, new situations, opinions of others



- sorting of one stimulus to another based on our previous experiences


Selective Exposure

- deliberate choices we make to experience or avoid particular stimuli
Ex: choosing to attend a concert instead of a funeral


Selective attention

- focusing on a specific message while ignoring or downplaying other stimuli

Ex: talking to someone while music is playing, ignoring the music


Selective Retention

- when we choose to process and store certain information we want to retrieve and use again

Ex: more likely to remember stuff that agrees with our views



- the way our minds sort information, has a profound effect on how we perceive others, how we speak to them and how they respond to us


Cognitive complexity

- used by psychologists to measure and explain our ability to process, interpret and store simple to intricate information

- make simple judgement, then apply complex thought
ex: he talks a lot so he must want attention



- a way to organize the stimuli
- filling on of the details so that partially perceived entity appears to be complete
Ex: cow pic make meaningless material meaningful



- way of organizing
- the grouping of two or more stimuli that are close to one another

Ex: thinking people who live near us act the same way



- way of organizing
-the grouping of stimuli that resemble one another in size, shape, color, or other traits

Ex: assuming that everyone of the same culture act the same bc they look alike



- integral part of who we are and how our perceptions influence communication
-the assigning of meaning to stimuli


4 ways to interpret

1) past experiences
Ex: assuming someone will know what 3rd avenue is if you are giving directions
2) new situations
Ex: can't let one bad doctor make u think all are bad
3) others opinions
Ex: hearing on the news the hurricane won't hit ur area hard might make you plan less
4) verbal communication
Ex: voices to produce images


Perceptual set

- a fixed, previously determined view of events, objects or people
- rely on past experiences don't take new info into account



- the categorizing of events, objects and people Without regard to unique individual characteristics and qualities



- the complex process through which we attempt to understand the reasons behind others behaviors


2 Factors influence our assumptions about our own and others behaviors

1) the situation or environment
2) disposition or traits of the person


Fundamental Attribution of error

- perceiving others as acting as they do because they are "that type of person" rather than because of any external factors that may have influenced their behavior

Ex: Shirley was late because she always over sleeps (meanwhile she could have had a car accident)


Factors that weigh into perception

1) Physical characteristics
2) Psychological state
Ex: when happy view things in a more positive light
3) cultural background
4) Gender



- a set of interpretations about beliefs, values, norms, social practices, which affect behaviors if a relatively large group



- a learned belief that our own culture is better than everyone else's


Cultural myopia

-perceiving that ones own culture is superior AND being small minded about other cultures