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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (68):
1

What is a frieze from the Parthenon?

Marshals and Young Women

2

Where did the frieze from the Parthenon come from?

Greece

3

What is a frieze?

behind metopes
depicts a procession

4

What is a S-curve?

traditional art concept in Ancient Greek/Roman sculpture where the figure's body is depicted like an S

5

What is a contrapposto?

when a figure is depicted slouching our placing one's weight and center of gravity to one side

6

What are characteristics of Roman art?

unified city state
became a republic (crumbles)
embraces propaganda

7

What are characteristics of the Pont Du Guard?

in France
1st Century BCE
Used concrete
Agent/cement

8

What is a aqueduct arcade?

row of arches supported by columns and piers

9

What is a voussoir?

a wedge-shaped element which is used in building an arch

10

What is a keystone arch?

wedge shaped stone at the top of the arch

11

What does ara pacis mean?

Altar of Peace

12

Ara Pacis characteristics

deep level of relief
clothing is naturalistic

13

What is the Ara Pacis dedicated to?

Pax, Roman goddess of Peace
Honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul

14

What is the Ara Pacis depicting?

procession after war
going to the gods/acropolis

15

What is the Forum Romanum?

Rectangular forum surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.
It was the site of triumphal processions and elections
for travel

16

What is the Arch of Titus?

domitian built it for titus (has become a god)

17

What used to be on the Arch of Titus?

a statue
inlaid with bronze

18

What decorations are on the Arch of Titus?

composite order (took Greek style column and put on column)
has coffers under arch
decorated with rosettes

19

where is the Arch of Titus from?

Roman art

20

What is a triumphal arch?

Commemorates triumph, concrete core with marble facing

21

What is a barrel vault?

looks like a barrel by exploiting a piece of concrete

22

What are coffers?

squares used in a series as decoration

23

Where is the spoils from the temple of Solomon?

Rome, on the Arch of Titus

24

What is the Spoils from the Temple of Solomon depicting?

titus sacks Jerusalem
Soldiers carry spoils of war through the arch
victors holding crown over head
moving forward
profile
naturalistic view
carrying an arch

25

Where is the Colosseum?

rome

26

When was the Colosseum created?

Flavian dynasty, by Vespacian

27

What was the Colosseum called?

Flavian Ampitheater
Colosseum- nickname

28

Architecture of the Colosseum

columns become complex as you go up
looks lighter as you go up

29

What is an ampitheater?

double theater, double ring

30

What is an engaged column?

a column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall for decorative purposes, not free standing but attached to the wall

31

What is a pilaster?

plastered to the surface, used to give the appearance of a supporting column

32

What is the column of Trajan?

125 feet tall
625 feet of relief
monument to military triumph where he was buried
built from gains from Dacian Wars
continuous narrative

33

What did the column of trajan used to have?

a sculpture of Trajan

34

Who built the Pantheon?

Hadrian

35

What does the Pantheon say?

Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, having been consul three times, built it

36

What is a drum?

base of dome made of lighter stone

37

What is a coffer?

indented inside

38

What is an oculus?

provides light from hole at top, complete opening

39

What was the Pantheon created for?

church for all of the gods

40

What is the Portrait of the 4 Tetrarchs made of?

porphyry- purple, hard stone

41

What does the portrait of the four tetrarchs depict?

4 rulers in pairs
top ruler has a beard
leadership and visual style change
arms are out of proportion
simplified

42

Where is the Arch of Constantine?

Rome

43

What was the Arch of Constantine made for?

Constantine, battle of the Milvian Bridge

44

What does the Arch of Constantine depict?

About to fight
Symbol for Christ
Stuff he stole, from previous empires
occupying government

45

What is the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine?

A roman forum

46

What was the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine used for?

a court

47

What designs were in the basilica of maxentius and constantine?

arches were roman
engaged columns
floor pattern
coffered ceilings

48

What is a basilica?

type of building that is rectangular with a nave and aisles with a raised platform

49

What is a nave?

central aisle of the basilica church, or the main body of a church

50

What is an apse?

half- circle recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi dome

51

What does the history of Christianity look like?

Christianity was first illegal, and then spread and became the state religion

52

What is the Good Shepherd, orants, and the story of Jonah?

Painted ceiling of the catacomb of SS

53

What is a basilica-plan church?

Long building (pole down center aisle) from the forum

54

What is a central plan?

center of building, for buildings

55

What is the Reconstruction of Old St. Peter's?

in Constantinople, capital of now Istanbul, becomes Byzantium
Basilica plan church

56

What is a Transept?

cross bar on building, looks like a cross

57

What is a Narthex?

covered roof

58

What is the Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, church of Hagia Sophia?

God's holy wisdom
Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchial basilica
Later an imperial mosque
Built by Justinian

59

What is an exedra?

half circle recess coverd by a semi dome

60

What is a pendentive dome?

constructive device permits placement of a dome over a square room

61

What is the Church of San Vitale?

In Ravenna, Italy
Finished 547
Ambulatory (aisle inside)
Panels of deocrative marble

62

What is Christ Enthroned, Flanked By Angels and Bishop Ecclesius?

In St. Vitalis
Heads are small
eyes not focused on you
praying through interceptors
everything is about gift giving

63

Emperor Justinian and His Attendants

In St. Vitale
Ravenna
Procession to apse
fancy plate
feet are awkward
priest
imperial guard

64

What is Empress Theodora and her attendants?

Justinian's wife
Church of San Vitale

65

Facts from "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, The Flavian Dynasty":

Flavian Dynasty: Vespacian, Titus, and Domitian
Italian
Restored stability

66

according to the met timeline of art history/flavian dynasty, titus:

destroyed jerusalem and the temple
completed the flavian ampitheater

67

according to the met timeline of art history/flavian dynasty, domitan:

created the arch of titus in commemoration of the capture of jerusalem

68

According to Andrew Curry, “A War Diary Soars over Rome”, the Trajan column was made for:

crossing the Danube river on bridges
Trajan's war on the Dacians
expanding Roman boundaries
Trajan appears 58 times