Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (68):
What is a frieze from the Parthenon?
Marshals and Young Women
Where did the frieze from the Parthenon come from?
What is a frieze?
depicts a procession
What is a S-curve?
traditional art concept in Ancient Greek/Roman sculpture where the figure's body is depicted like an S
What is a contrapposto?
when a figure is depicted slouching our placing one's weight and center of gravity to one side
What are characteristics of Roman art?
unified city state
became a republic (crumbles)
What are characteristics of the Pont Du Guard?
1st Century BCE
What is a aqueduct arcade?
row of arches supported by columns and piers
What is a voussoir?
a wedge-shaped element which is used in building an arch
What is a keystone arch?
wedge shaped stone at the top of the arch
What does ara pacis mean?
Altar of Peace
Ara Pacis characteristics
deep level of relief
clothing is naturalistic
What is the Ara Pacis dedicated to?
Pax, Roman goddess of Peace
Honor the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul
What is the Ara Pacis depicting?
procession after war
going to the gods/acropolis
What is the Forum Romanum?
Rectangular forum surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.
It was the site of triumphal processions and elections
What is the Arch of Titus?
domitian built it for titus (has become a god)
What used to be on the Arch of Titus?
inlaid with bronze
What decorations are on the Arch of Titus?
composite order (took Greek style column and put on column)
has coffers under arch
decorated with rosettes
where is the Arch of Titus from?
What is a triumphal arch?
Commemorates triumph, concrete core with marble facing
What is a barrel vault?
looks like a barrel by exploiting a piece of concrete
What are coffers?
squares used in a series as decoration
Where is the spoils from the temple of Solomon?
Rome, on the Arch of Titus
What is the Spoils from the Temple of Solomon depicting?
titus sacks Jerusalem
Soldiers carry spoils of war through the arch
victors holding crown over head
carrying an arch
Where is the Colosseum?
When was the Colosseum created?
Flavian dynasty, by Vespacian
What was the Colosseum called?
Architecture of the Colosseum
columns become complex as you go up
looks lighter as you go up
What is an ampitheater?
double theater, double ring
What is an engaged column?
a column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall for decorative purposes, not free standing but attached to the wall
What is a pilaster?
plastered to the surface, used to give the appearance of a supporting column
What is the column of Trajan?
125 feet tall
625 feet of relief
monument to military triumph where he was buried
built from gains from Dacian Wars
What did the column of trajan used to have?
a sculpture of Trajan
Who built the Pantheon?
What does the Pantheon say?
Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, having been consul three times, built it
What is a drum?
base of dome made of lighter stone
What is a coffer?
What is an oculus?
provides light from hole at top, complete opening
What was the Pantheon created for?
church for all of the gods
What is the Portrait of the 4 Tetrarchs made of?
porphyry- purple, hard stone
What does the portrait of the four tetrarchs depict?
4 rulers in pairs
top ruler has a beard
leadership and visual style change
arms are out of proportion
Where is the Arch of Constantine?
What was the Arch of Constantine made for?
Constantine, battle of the Milvian Bridge
What does the Arch of Constantine depict?
About to fight
Symbol for Christ
Stuff he stole, from previous empires
What is the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine?
A roman forum
What was the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine used for?
What designs were in the basilica of maxentius and constantine?
arches were roman
What is a basilica?
type of building that is rectangular with a nave and aisles with a raised platform
What is a nave?
central aisle of the basilica church, or the main body of a church
What is an apse?
half- circle recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi dome
What does the history of Christianity look like?
Christianity was first illegal, and then spread and became the state religion
What is the Good Shepherd, orants, and the story of Jonah?
Painted ceiling of the catacomb of SS
What is a basilica-plan church?
Long building (pole down center aisle) from the forum
What is a central plan?
center of building, for buildings
What is the Reconstruction of Old St. Peter's?
in Constantinople, capital of now Istanbul, becomes Byzantium
Basilica plan church
What is a Transept?
cross bar on building, looks like a cross
What is a Narthex?
What is the Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, church of Hagia Sophia?
God's holy wisdom
Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchial basilica
Later an imperial mosque
Built by Justinian
What is an exedra?
half circle recess coverd by a semi dome
What is a pendentive dome?
constructive device permits placement of a dome over a square room
What is the Church of San Vitale?
In Ravenna, Italy
Ambulatory (aisle inside)
Panels of deocrative marble
What is Christ Enthroned, Flanked By Angels and Bishop Ecclesius?
In St. Vitalis
Heads are small
eyes not focused on you
praying through interceptors
everything is about gift giving
Emperor Justinian and His Attendants
In St. Vitale
Procession to apse
feet are awkward
What is Empress Theodora and her attendants?
Church of San Vitale
Facts from "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, The Flavian Dynasty":
Flavian Dynasty: Vespacian, Titus, and Domitian
according to the met timeline of art history/flavian dynasty, titus:
destroyed jerusalem and the temple
completed the flavian ampitheater
according to the met timeline of art history/flavian dynasty, domitan:
created the arch of titus in commemoration of the capture of jerusalem