Exam 3 ch. 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 ch. 12 Deck (24)
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1

The extra capacity built into each organ that allows a person to cope with extraordinary demands or to withstand organ strain

Organ reserve

2

The adjustment of all the body's systems to keep physiological functions in a state of equilibrium, moment by moment

Homeostasis

3

A dynamic body adjustment that over time affects overall physiology

Allostasis

4

The inability to conceive a child after trying for at least a year

Infertility

5

A technique in which ova are surgically removed from a woman and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory...

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

6

The time in middle age when a woman's menstrual periods cease and the production of hormones drops

Menopause

7

Taking hormones to compensate for hormone reduction

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

8

A term coined to signify a drop in testosterone levels in older men, which normally results in reduced sexual desire, erections, and muscle mass

Andropause

9

A gradual physical decline related to aging

Senescence

10

Any situation, event, experience, or other stimulus that causes a person to feel stressed

Stressor

11

A strategy to deal with stress by tackling a stressful situation directly

Problem-focused coping

12

A strategy to deal with stress by changing feelings about the stressor

Emotion-focused coping

13

Idea assuming that intelligence is one basic trait, underlying all cognitive abilities

General intelligence (g)

14

The rise in average IQ scores that has occurred over the decades in many nations

Flynn effect

15

The first cross-sequential study of adult intelligence, which began in 1956

Seattle Longitudinal Study

16

Those types of basic intelligence that make learning of all sorts quick and thorough...

Fluid intelligence

17

Those types of intellectual ability that reflect accumulated learning

Crystallized intelligence

18

A form of intelligence that involves such mental processes as abstract planning, strategy selection...

Analytic intelligence

19

A form of intelligence that involves the capacity to be intellectually flexible and innovative

Creative intelligence

20

The intellectual skills used in everyday problem solving

Practical intelligence

21

The theory that people try to maintain a balance in their lives by looking for the best way to compensate for losses and to become more proficient in activities they can already do well

Selective optimization with compensation

22

One who is notably more accomplished in a particular skill than the average person

Expert

23

A person's ability to be more accomplished at a particular skill than the average person

Expertise

24

Thinking that occurs without deliberate, conscious thought

Automatic processing