Exam 3 ch. 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 ch. 9 Deck (36)
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The time between the first onset of hormones and full adult physical development

Puberty

1

A girl's first menstrual period, signaling that she has begun ovulation

Menarche

2

A boy's first ejaculation of sperm

Spermarche

3

An organic chemical substance that is produced by one body tissue and conveyed via the bloodstream to another to affect some physiological function

Hormone

4

Two glands, located above the kidneys, that produce hormones

Adrenal glands

5

A gland in the brain that responds to a signal from the hypothalamus by producing many hormones, including those that regulate growth and that control other glands

Pituitary

6

A sequence of hormone production that originates in the hypothalamus, moves to the pituitary, and then to the adrenal glands

HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis

7

A sequence of hormone production that originates in the hypothalamus, moves to the pituitary, and then to the gonads

HPG (hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad) axis

8

A sex hormone, considered the chief estrogen

Estradiol

9

A sex hormone, the best known of the androgens (make secretions)

Testosterone

10

A day-night cycle of biological activity that occurs approximately every 24 hours

Circadian rhythm

11

A hormone that affects appetite and is believed to affect the onset of puberty

Leptin

12

The relatively sudden and rapid physical growth that occurs during puberty...

Growth spurt

13

The parts of the body that are directly involved in reproduction

Primary sex characteristics

14

Physical traits that are not directly involved in reproduction but that indicate sexual maturity

Secondary sex characteristics

15

A person's idea of how his or her body looks

Body image

16

An eating disorder characterized by severe calorie restriction and the fear of being fat...

Anorexia nervosa

17

An eating disorder characterized by binge eating and subsequent purging

Bulimia nervosa

18

A characteristic of adolescent thinking that leads young people to focus on themselves to the exclusion of others

Adolescent egocentrism

19

An aspect of adolescent egocentrism characterized by an adolescent's belief that his or her thoughts, feelings, and experiences are unique, more wonderful or awful than anyone else's

Personal fable

20

An adolescent's egocentric conviction that he or she cannot be overcome or even harmed by anything that might defeat a normal mortal

Invincibility fable

21

The other people who, in an adolescent's egocentric belief, are watching his or her appearance, ideas, and behavior...

Imaginary audience

22

In Piaget's theory, the fourth and final stage of cognitive development, characterized by more systematic logical thinking and by the ability to understand and systematically manipulate abstract concepts

Formal operational thought

23

Reasoning that includes propositions and possibilities that may not reflect reality

Hypothetical thought

24

Reasoning from a general statement, premise, or principle, through logical steps, to figure out specifics

Deductive reasoning

25

Reasoning from one or more specific experiences or facts to reach a general conclusion

Inductive reasoning

26

The notion that two networks exist within the human brain, one for emotional and one for analytical processing of stimuli

Dual-process model

27

Thought that arises from an emotion or a hunch, beyond rational explanation, and is influenced by past experiences and cultural assumptions

Intuitive thought

28

Thought that results from analysis, that depends on logic and rationality...

Analytic thought

29

Literally, the period after elementary education and before college education

Secondary education