Exam #3: Leadership in Nursing and Nursing Organizations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #3: Leadership in Nursing and Nursing Organizations Deck (60):
1

Leadership Defined

"the strategic use of power to move others towards a shared vision"

3 groups in this statement: power, individuals or groups, shared vision or goals

2

Leader vs. Manager

Leadership is an essential part of effective management, but you do not have to be a manager to be a leader

3

Leadership vs. Management

Leadership:
1. based on influence
2. an informal role
3. an achieved position

Management:
1. based on authority
2. a formally designated role
3. an assigned position

4

Leadership Theories

Great Man Theory
Behavioral Theory
Transactional Theories
Transformational Theories

5

Great Man Theory

Some are born to lead, others are born to be led

One of the oldest leadership theories

6

Behavioral Theories

Based on motivators and how much control followers have in the decision making process

1. Autocratic:
--leader gives orders and makes decisions for groups
--leader bears most responsibilities for outcomes
2. Democratic
--leader shares planning process and decision making and some of the responsibility of outcomes with the group
--great for unit policy making
3. Laissez-Faire
--does little planning or decision making
--doesn't encourage others to participate

7

Transactional Theories

people are motivated by rewards and punishments
leader delegates task
followers complete task based on reward system

8

Transformational Theories

creates a shared vision
proactive
leader and group have a collective purpose
encourages participation and motivation

9

Leadership Qualities

integrity
courage
initiative
energy
optimism
perseverance
balance
ability to handle stress
self-awareness

10

Integrity

Leader must be honest, law abiding, ethical

11

Courage

Taking risks as needed

12

Initiative

To ACT on good ideas

13

Energy

To be able to work hard and have sufficient effort to compete the task

14

Optimism

Be positive in not so great situations

15

Perseverance

Not giving up too easily

16

Balance

Balance between work with your personal life

17

Ability to Handle Stress

Cope with stress in positive and healthy manner

18

Self-Awareness

Understand themselves, motivations, values...

19

Effective Leader Behaviors

Think critically
Solve problems
Respect people
Communicate skillfully
Set goals and a vision for the future
Develop oneself and others

20

Change

"...the process of making something different from what it was." [Sullivan and Decker]

May be planned or accidental

Change agent: the one who works to bring about change

21

Lewin's Model of Change

One of the more basic, common theories of change
Includes:
--unfreezing
--moving
--refreezing

22

Unfreezing

Leader builds trust and recognition for need to change to motivate people to get ready for change and actively gets people to participate in identifying problems and coming up with alternate solutions
--more likely to accept the change if they have been involved in the changing process

23

Moving

Encourage people to view a problem from a new perspective and then move to accept the change

24

Refreezing

Reinforcing new patterns of behavior to develop formal/informal mechanisms to institutionalize the change

Evaluate the effect of change

25

Power

"...the ability to influence the behavior of others to produce certain intended effects."

Active or latent, applied directly or indirectly

26

Types of Power

Reward
Coercive
Legitimate
Expert
Referent
Information
Connection
Collective

27

Reward Power

Based on perception of inducements offered for cooperation or contributions

28

Coercive Power

Based on perceptions of penalties or punishments the may be imposed

29

Legitimate Power

Stems from the manager authority associated with a job position and rank in an organizational hierarchy

30

Expert Power

Based on possession of unique skills, competence, and knowledge as well as development of personal abilities

31

Referent Power

Based on admiration or respect for an individual

32

Information Power

Based on access to valued data needed by others

33

Connection Power

Based on individuals formal/informal links to prestigious positions

34

Collective Power

Based on power in numbers

35

Increasing Nursing Power

Collaboration with physicians
Life-long learning
Joining professional nursing organizations
Health-related political involvement
Mentoring

36

NSNA

National Student Nurses' Association

Founded in 1952

37

NSNA Mission

To mentor nursing students preparing for initial licensure as registered nurses and to convey the standard, ethics, and skills that students will need as responsible and accountable leaders and members of the profession

38

NSNA Fxns
**NEED TO KNOW**

Represent nursing students
Influence standards of nursing education
Influence healthcare throughout legislation
Participate in community activities
Promote interdisciplinary activities

39

NSNA Membership for Students

Pre-nursing: associate membership
Nursing: active membership

Membership dues vary by state

40

NSNA Activities

Community activities
Support health and nursing education issues
Interdisciplinary activiites
Scholarship funds
Imprint magazine
Liability insurance

41

ANA

American Nurses Association
Founded in 1897

Overall spokesperson and agent for nurses and nursing
Membership is voluntary
Less than 10% of nurses belong

42

ANA Mission

Nurses advancing our profession to improve health for all

43

ANA Purposes

Work for the improvement of health standards and the availability of health care services for all people
Foster high standards of nursing
Stimulate and promote the professional development of nurses and advance their economic general welfare

44

ANA Membership

Registered professional nurses and graduate nurses through state membership
Dues vary by state and regions within state

45

ANA Activities
**NEED TO KNOW**

Accredits CEU courses
Sets Standards of Practice
Has registered lobbyists
Does collective bargaining
Has a nurse credentialing center
Has a code of ethics for nurses

46

Tri-Council for Nursing

ANA
National League for Nursing (NLN)
American Association of Colleges in Nursing (AACN)
American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE)

47

NLN Mission

The NLN promotes excellence in nursing education to build a strong and diverse nursing workforce

48

NLN 5 Major Themes
**NEED TO KNOW**

Nursing education
Faculty development
Nursing education research
Data collection
Assessment and evaluation

49

NLN Activities

Accreditation
Publications
Certified Nurse Educator Exam
Funds Nursing Education Research
Data Collection
Testing Services

50

AACN

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

Focus: baccalaureate and graduate nursing education
Provides standards and resources
Fosters advancement in nursing education, research, and practice

Essentials for Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice
Essential of Master's Education for Advanced Practice Nursing
Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice

51

AACN Activities

Accreditation through the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)
Publications
Journal of Professional Nursing

52

Other Nursing Organizations

AACN
Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN)
Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN)
Emergency Nurses Association (ENA)
International Association of Forensic Nursing (IAFN)
Oncology Nursing Society (ONS)
American Holistic Nurses' Association
National Black Nurses' Association
National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN)

53

International Organizations

International Council of Nurses (ICN)
Sigma Theta Tau International

54

ICN

Established in 1900
Federation of national nurses' association
130 national nurses associations representing 13 million nurses worldwide

International Code of Ethics

55

ICN Mission

Represent nursing worldwide, advancing the professional and influencing health policy

56

Sigma Theta Tau International

International honor society for nursing
Membership by invitation
Dedicated to improve health care through scholarship and practice excellence
Promotes nursing research
Journal of Nursing scholarship

57

What are the 3 elements in the definition of leadership?

Power
Others
Shared Vision

58

What is one journal that AACN produces?

Journal of Professional Nursing

59

Who thinks clearly, solves problems, and respects people?

An effective leader

60

How does collaboration with physicians, life-long learning, and joining professional nursing organizations affect nursing?

Increases nursing power