Exam 3 Review Questions Flashcards Preview

Semester 2 Adam KCU Anatomy II Exam Review > Exam 3 Review Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 Review Questions Deck (77)
Loading flashcards...
1

All of the following muscles elevate the mandible except?

Temporalis
Masseter
Lateral Pterygoid
Medial Pterygoid

Lateral Pterygoid

2

Which of the following represents the communication pathway between the infratemporal fossa and the orbit?

Pterygomaxillary fissure
Inferior orbital fissure
Superior orbital fissure
Pterygopalatine fossa

Pterygomaxillary fissure

3

The maxillary artery is divided into three parts with reference to its branching pattern. Which of the following structures is used to demarcate the three parts?

Lateral pterygoid muscle
Medial pterygoid muscle
Mandibular ramus and masseter muscle
Superior alveolar process and temporalis muscle

Lateral pterygoid muscle

4

Which of the following arteries branches from the third part of the maxillary artery? (Could change this question up to a different branch)

Posterior superior alveolar
Buccal
Inferior alveolar
Middle Meningeal

Posterior superior alveolar

5

The middle meningeal artery enters the cranial cavity via which of the following foramina?

Ovale
Rotundum
Spinosum
Lacerum

Spinosum

6

Which of the following hypaxial muscles is attached to the hyoid bone but is NOT a part of the infrahyoid group?

Sternothyroid
Thyrohyoid
Geniohyoid
Omohyoid

Geniohyoid

7

Which of the following scalene muscles attaches to the second rib?

Anterior
Middle
Posterior
None of the above, all attach to the first rib

Posterior

8

The anterior belly of the digastric nerve is derived from the first pharyngeal arch and is innervated by which of the following nerves?

Facial
Trigeminal
Glossopharyngeal
Hypoglossal

Trigeminal

9

Which of the following muscles consists of two bellies, which originate from the body of the hyoid and the superior border of the scapula?

Omohyoid
Digastric
Geniohyoid
Cervicohyoid

Omohyoid

10

Branches off the external carotid artery are grouped into terminal, anterior, posterior, or medial, depending on which direction they branch from the external carotid. Which of the following branches is a medial branch?

Facial
Maxillary
Ascending pharyngeal
Superior thyroid

Ascending Pharyngeal

11

The nerve branch to the geniohyoid originate from C1 and runs partly with which fo the following cranial nerves?

Glossopharyngeal
Hypoglossal
Vagus
Spinal accessory

Hypoglossal

12

Ventral rami from which of the following levels of the spinal cord make up the cervical plexus?

C1-C3
C1-C4
C1-C5
C2-C4

C1-C4

13

Which of the following infrahyoid muscles is NOT supplied through the ansa cervicalis?

Thyrohyoid
Sternothyroid
Sternohyoid
Omohyoid

Thyrohyoid

14

Which of the following represent the spinal cord levels of origin for for the phrenic nerve?

C1-4
C2-5
C3-5
C3-7

C3-5

15

Postganglionic fibers form which of the following regions of the sympathetic trunk supply all the smooth muscles and glands of the head?

Superior sympathetic ganglion
Middle sympathetic ganglion
Inferior sympathetic ganglion
Stellate ganglion

Superior sympathetic ganglion

16

Which of the following structures enters the pharynx by passing between the base of the cranium and superior edge of the superior pharyngeal constrictor?

Stylopharyngeus muscle
Auditory tube
Glossopharyngeal nerve
Salpingopharyngeus muscle

Auditory Tube

17

Which of the following BEST describes the location of the vallecular recesses?

Lateral to the median glossoepiglottic fold
Lateral to the lateral glossoepiglottic folds
Inferior to the lateral glossoepiglottic folds
Superior to the median glossoepiglottic folds

Lateral to the median glossoepiglottic fold

18

Which of the following represents the narrowest part of the laryngeal cavity?

Infraglottic cavity
Rima glottidis
Rime vestibuli
Space between the vestibular folds

Rima glottidis

19

The chorda tympani carries branches of which of the following nerves inside the petrous portion of the temporal bone?

Mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve
Facial nerve
Glossopharyngeal nerve
Vagus nerve

Facial nerve

20

Taste sensation from the posterior third of the tongue is carried by which of the following cranial nerves?

Mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve
Facial nerve
Glossopharyngeal nerve
Vagus nerve

Glossopharyngeal nerve

21

Which of the following is the major parasympathetic nerve to thoracic and most abdominal organs?

Trigeminal nerve
Spinal accessory nerve
Vagus nerve
Hypoglossal nerve

Vagus nerve

22

Parasympathetic supply to the lacrimal gland is via which of the following nerves?

Trigeminal
Facial
Glossopharyngeal
Oculomotor

Facial

23

Cell bodies of the parasympathetic preganglionic fibers to the ciliary ganglion (source of cell bodies of postganglionic fibers to the sphincter pupillae muscle) are located in which of the following?

Semilunar ganglion
Geniculate ganglion
Edinger-Westphal nucleus
Nucleus ambiguus

Edinger-Westphal nucleus

24

Which of the following extrinsic muscles of the eye ABducts the eyeball?

Superior oblique
Medial rectus
Lateral rectus
Inferior oblique

Lateral rectus

25

Which cranial nerve supplies parasympathetic nerve innervation to the parotid gland?

Vagus nerve
Hypoglossal nerve
Facial nerve
Glossopharyngeal nerve

Glossopharyngeal nerve

26

The mandibular branch of the trigeminal exists the cranial cavity through which of the following foramina?

Foramen ovale
Foramen spinosum
Foramen rotundum
Foramen lacerum

Foramen ovale

27

Cell bodies of sensory neurons carrying general sensory information from the dura of the middle and anterior cranial fossae, the external surface of the eardrum, and the anterior two-thirds of the tongue are located in which of the following cranial ganglia?

Trigeminal (semilunar)
Geniculate
Superior salivatory nucleus
Inferior salivatory nucleus

Geniculate

28

Special visceral motor (SVM) modality supplies the stylopharyngeus muscle via which of the following cranial nerves?

Cranial nerve IX
Cranial nerve X
Cranial nerve XI
Cranial nerve XII

Cranial nerve IX

29

The inferior alveolar nerve paasses thorugh the mandibular canal and terminates as the mental nerve. The inferior alveolar nerve is a branch of which cranial nerve?

Facial
Trigeminal
Hypoglossal
Glossopharyngeal

Trigeminal

30

Proper chewing (mastication) requires that the mandible be moved from side to side and to be retracted and protracted. Which of the following muscles of mastication functions to retract the mandible?

Temporalis
Lateral Pterygoid
Medial Pterygoid

Temporalis