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Absoprtion

Act or process of sucking in or up

Taking in of nutrients

1

Acetic spill clean up

Wear gloves and safety goggles.
Open doors and windows.
• For hydrofluoric acid keep calcium gluconate gel handy.
• Use cat litter to surround the spill.
• Pour excess sodium-bicarbonate on and around the acid until after bubbling stops, to neutralise.
• Use the plastic dust pan to scoop the acid-damp material into a plastic bucket.
• Re-sprinkle more sodium-bicarbonate on the spill area to ensure neutralising, and scoop up.
• Wash the affected area with excess water.
• Clean up and leave area dry.
• Dispose of neutralized liquid down the drain.
• Dispose of neutralized damp solid as chemical waste.
• Report to supervisor

2

activity during a fire

rescue
activate alarm
contain fire
extinguish

3

aerobic

requiring oxygen to live and grow

4

AIDS

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the final stage of HIV disease, which causes severe damage to the immune system

5

amino acids

basic component of proteins

6

anaerobic

not requiring oxygen to live and grow

7

antibiotics

medications that destroy bacteria

8

antioxidants

enzymes or organic molecules

help protect the body from harmful chemicals called free radicals

9

antisepsis

aseptic control that inhibits, retards growth of, or kills pathogenic organisms

not effective against spores or virus

10

asepsis

being free from infection

11

autoclave is good for how long?

12 months?

12

bacilli


rod-shaped bacterium: an aerobic, rod-shaped, spore-producing bacterium.

13

basal metabolic rate

minimum caloric amount for an individual

14

best resovoir

?

15

bile production

liver secretion that is concentrated in gallbladder

aids in the emulsification of fats during digestion

16

bird flu

from contact with poultry or contaminated surfaces

death rate between 50-60%

17

bland diet

easily digested foods that do not irritate the digestive tract

18

body fluids

need: handwashing, gloves, gowns, masks and eye protection

19

body mechanics

ways in which the body moves and maintains balance while making most efficient use of al parts

20

border of sterile field

?

21

broad base of support?

feet 8-10 inches apart

22

chain of infection

causative agent
reservoir
portal of exit
mode of transmission
portal of entry

23

chemical cleaning

?

24

chemical digestion

?

25

chemical disenfection

must completely cover item

must be changed frequently

read directions

26

cholesterol

sterol lipid found in body cells and anima products

27

contact precautions

wash hands
gloves
gowns
daily cleaning

28

contamination of worker

?

29

contamination

presence of unwanted material

30

damaged equipment

?

31

N-95 or P-100

95% tested surgical mask

highest rated mask

32

organic compounds

gas, liquids, or solids containing carbon

33

diabetic diet

contains an exchange list that groups food according to type

allowed a certain number of items from each exchange list

sugar heavy foods avoided

34

disaster policies

follow policy of health care facility

35

digestion

process by which body breaks down food into smaller parts and changes the food chemically

36

diseases caused by viruses

smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, tularemia, filovirus

37

disinfection

process that kills pathogenic organisms

38

dry heat cleaning

use of high temp for a period of time to disinfect

320-350 degrees for a minimum of one hour

39

etiology

study of causes of disease

40

endogenous

infection or disease originates inside the body

41

exogenous

infection of disease originates outside the body

42

fat-restricted diet

avoid cream, whole milk, cheeses, fats, fatty meats, rich desserts, chocolate, buts, coconut, fried foods, and salad dressings

43

fire drill

follow facility regulations

44

fungi

plantlike organisms that live on dead organisms

45

hantavirus

life threatening diseases spread to humans

46

high calorie diet

used for underweight and anorexic patients

extra proteins and carbs

47

High density lipoprotein

complex of lipids and proteins that is particularly high in the protein component and that binds with cholesterol

Good cholesterol

48

High protein diets

High protein diet

49

Host

Organism that harbors another organism

50

Human energy comes from where

ATP protein

51

Idiopathic

Without recognizable cause

Self originating condition

52

Importance of water

Essential for digestion

Makes up blood

Absorbs nutrients

Moves waste

53

Infectious agent

Infection capable of producing a virus

54

Lipids in body

Organic compounds

Fats and oils

Triglycerides, phospholipids, sterols

55

Low cholesterol diet

Reduces high saturated fat

56

Low protein diet

Limits proteins

57

Low residue diet

Limits undigestible foods

58

Mechanical digestion

Physical breakdown of food

59

Metabolism

Use of food nutrients to produce energy

60

Mode of transmission

How an organism is transferred from host to host

61

Needle safety and precaution act

Identify and use effective and safer medical devices

Incorporate changes in annual update of exposure control plan

Solicit output from non managerial employees who are responsible for direct patient care

Maintain a sharps injury log

62

Normal flora

Mixture of bacteria found at specific body sites

63

Nosocomial

Pertaining to or originating in a health care facility

64

Nutrition

All body processes related to food

65

Opportunisitc

taking advantage of opportunities: taking advantage of an opportunity, or exploiting opportunities and situations in general, especially in a devious, unscrupulous, or unprincipled way

66

OSHA

Occupational safety and health administration

Divison of the department of labor

Enforces safety standards

67

OSHA regulations

The occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals standard

Blood borne pathogen standard

68

Osteoporosis

Bones become porous and break easily

69

Parasitic microorganisms

Organisms that rely on a host to survive

70

Pass

Pull, aim, squeeze, sweep

Fire extinguisher procedure

71

Pathogen

Disease producing organism

72

Portal of entry

Way of a causative agent to enter a new reservoir or host

73

Portal of exit

Way of a causative agent to escape a reservoir or host

74

PPE what do you where and when

Personal protective equipment

Protective goggles, outer wear, gloves

Important or hazardous times

75

Principles of body mechanics

Wide base of support

Low center of gravity

Proper body alignment

76

Protozoa

Microscopic one celled organisms often found in decayed materials and contaminated water

77

RACE

Rescue, alarm the hospital, contain fire, extinguish fire

78

Reading labels on solutions

Manufacturers must provide Material Safety Data Sheets

Follow facility procedures

79

Religious diets

Restrain and prohibit certain things

80

Reservoir

Storage place or cavity

Alternate host

81

Rickettsiae

Parasitic organisms that cannot live outside the cells of another living organisms

82

Risks associated with obesity

Hypertension
Diabetes
Coronary heart disease
High cholesterol
Cerebrovascular accidents
Sleep apnea
Osteoarthritis
Gallbladder disease

83

Risks of a nosocomial infection

(Infection acquired inside a hospital facility)

Most are antibiotic resistant and can cause serious problems

Staphylococcus, pseudomonas, enterococci

84

Solution guidelines

?

85

Spirilla


any of several spirally twisted, aerobic bacteria of the genus Spirillum, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans

86

Stages of illness

Symptom experience
Assumption of sick role
Medical care contact
Dependent client role
Recovery

87

Standard precautions origins

?

88

Steam cleaning

?

89

Sterile field transfer

?

90

Sterile technique

?

91

Sterilization

?

92

Ultrasonic cleansing

Uses sound waves to clean

Sound waves produce millions of bubbles in a cleansing solution

93

Vaccine for bioterrerism

?

94

Viruses

Smallest microorganisms

Cannot reproduce without unless inside another cell

Cause diseases and infections

95

Cilia

microscopic projection on cell: a tiny projecting thread, found with many others on a cell or microscopic organism, that beats rhythmically to aid the movement of a fluid past the cell or movement of the organism through liquid

96

What are your strong muscle groups?

Big parts vs. small parts

97

Cocci

Spherical bacteria