Flashcards in Exam 4 Deck (26):
what is the chief end of man?
to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever
who said that democratic self-government does not work because ordinary people have not learned how to run the ship of state?
what is the image of politics in democracy portrayed in the Republic?
Imagine then a ship or a fleet in which there is a captain who is taller and stronger than any of the crew, but who is a little deaf and has a similar infirmity in sight, and whose knowledge of navigation is not much better. The sailors are quarreling with one another about the steering—every one is of the opinion that he has a right to steer, though he has never learned the art of navigation
the fickle element in voter behavior is a poor substitute for what?
necessary knowledge (scienda) that statesmanship requires
because of their job insecurity, politicians may curry favor with interests that want something in exchange
who said "the society that separates its scholars from its warriors will have its thinking done by cowards and its fighting by fools"?
what is an attempt to obtain economic rent by manipulating the social or political environment in which economic activities occur, rather than by creating new wealth
Aristotle established what as the master science?
according to Aristotle what is the aim of politics?
happiness (living well) : the highest good attainable by action
to be a competent student of what is right and just, and of politics generally, one must have what?
received a proper upbringing in moral conduct
Aristotle identifies three popular ideas of good:
pleasure, honor, and wealth, while the contemplative life is treated later
what is the main concern of politics?
to engender a certain character in the citizens and to make them good and disposed to perform noble actions
drawn toward money-making and the acquisition of property
desiring only the pure metal in their souls, will be drawn toward virtue and old customs
what are the stages through which the good polis passes on its way of decline to the ultimate malady of the polis?
timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, tyranny
why are the imperfect constitutions examined?
to throw light on the different phases of personal human sinfulness
honor loving soul
what is the word in book III used to describe education?
who does White say the Republic is addressed to?
the silver soul of Glaucon: one who is not greedy per se but also one who is contemptuous of the city of pigs