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Flashcards in Exam 4 Deck (26):
1

what is the chief end of man?

to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever

2

ethnos

nation

3

who said that democratic self-government does not work because ordinary people have not learned how to run the ship of state?

plato

4

what is the image of politics in democracy portrayed in the Republic?

Imagine then a ship or a fleet in which there is a captain who is taller and stronger than any of the crew, but who is a little deaf and has a similar infirmity in sight, and whose knowledge of navigation is not much better. The sailors are quarreling with one another about the steering—every one is of the opinion that he has a right to steer, though he has never learned the art of navigation

5

the fickle element in voter behavior is a poor substitute for what?

necessary knowledge (scienda) that statesmanship requires

6

rent-seeking

because of their job insecurity, politicians may curry favor with interests that want something in exchange

7

who said "the society that separates its scholars from its warriors will have its thinking done by cowards and its fighting by fools"?

Thucydides

8

what is an attempt to obtain economic rent by manipulating the social or political environment in which economic activities occur, rather than by creating new wealth

rent-seeking

9

Aristotle established what as the master science?

politics

10

according to Aristotle what is the aim of politics?

happiness (living well) : the highest good attainable by action

11

to be a competent student of what is right and just, and of politics generally, one must have what?

received a proper upbringing in moral conduct

12

Aristotle identifies three popular ideas of good:

pleasure, honor, and wealth, while the contemplative life is treated later

13

what is the main concern of politics?

to engender a certain character in the citizens and to make them good and disposed to perform noble actions

14

homonoia

one mind

15

plutocracy

drawn toward money-making and the acquisition of property

16

timocracy

desiring only the pure metal in their souls, will be drawn toward virtue and old customs

17

what are the stages through which the good polis passes on its way of decline to the ultimate malady of the polis?

timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, tyranny

18

why are the imperfect constitutions examined?

to throw light on the different phases of personal human sinfulness

19

logistikon

rational soul

20

philonikon

honor loving soul

21

epithymatikon

appetitive soul

22

philochematon

money-loving soul

23

what is the word in book III used to describe education?

katharsis

24

who does White say the Republic is addressed to?

the silver soul of Glaucon: one who is not greedy per se but also one who is contemptuous of the city of pigs

25

nykterine

nightly

26

epanados

chiastic reverse-direction