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Flashcards in Exam 4 ch 14 Deck (31)
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1

A condescending way of speaking to older adults that resembles baby talk...

Elderspeak

2

A shift in the proportions of the populations of various ages

Demographic shift

3

A calculation of the number of self-sufficient, productive adults compares with the number of dependents in a given population

Dependency ratio

4

Healthy, vigorous, financially secure older adults who are well integrated into the lives of their families and communities

Young-old

5

Older adults who suffer from physical, mental, or social deficits

Old-old

6

Elderly adults who are dependent on others for almost everything, requiring supportive services such as nursing homes and hospital stays

Oldest-old

7

A view of aging as a process by which the human body wears out because of the passage of time and exposure to environmental stressors

Wear and tear

8

A purported mechanism in the DNA that regulates the aging process by triggering hormonal changes and controlling cellular reproduction and repair

Genetic clock

9

The ways in which molecules and cells are affected by age. Many theories aim to explain how and why aging causes cells to deteriorate

Cellular aging

10

The number of times a human cell is capable of dividing into two new cells

Hayflick limit

11

The practice of limiting dietary energy intake for the purpose of improving health and slowing down the aging process

Calorie restriction

12

The idea that cognition should be measured in settings that are as realistic as possible and that the abilities measured should be those needed in real life

Ecological validity

13

The part of the information-processing system that regulates the analysis and flow of information...

Control processes

14

The universal and irreversible physical changes that occur in all living creatures as they grow older

Primary aging

15

The specific physical illnesses or conditions that become more common with aging but are caused by other influences

Secondary aging

16

A shortening of the time a person spends ill or infirm, accomplished by postponing illness

Compression of morbidity

17

Fragile bones that result from primary aging, which makes bones more porous, especially if a person is at genetic risk

Osteoporosis

18

Irreversible loss of intellectual functioning caused by organic brain damage or disease

Dementia

19

A temporary loss of memory, often accompanied by hallucinations, terror, grandiosity, and irrational behavior

Delirium

20

The most common cause of dementia, characterized by gradual deterioration of memory and personality...

Alzheimer disease (AD)

21

A form of dementia characterized by sporadic, and progressive, loss of intellectual functioning caused by repeated infarcts which prevent sufficient blood from reaching the brain

Vascular dementia (VaD)

22

Deterioration of the amygdala and frontal lobes that may be the cause of 15% of all dementias

Frontal lobe dementia

23

A chronic, progressive disease that is characterized by muscle tremor and rigidity and sometimes dementia...

Parkinson disease

24

A form of dementia characterized by an increase in Lewy body cells in the brain. Symptoms include visual hallucinations, momentary loss of attention, falling, and fainting

Lewy body dementia

25

A test that is used to measure cognitive ability, especially in late adulthood

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)

26

Refers to a situation in which elderly people are prescribed several medications

Polypharmacy

27

The final stage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, characterized by aesthetic, creative, philosophical, and spiritual understanding

Self-actualization

28

An examination of one's own role in the history of human life

Life review

29

The oldest possible age that members of a species can live under ideal circumstances

Maximum life span

30

The number of years the average newborn in a particular population group is likely to live

Average life expectancy