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Flashcards in Exam 4 ch 15 Deck (16)
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The final stage of Erikson's developmental sequence, in which older adults seek to integrate their unique experiences with their vision of community

Integrity versus despair


The urge to accumulate and hold on to familiar objects and possessions, sometimes to the point of their becoming health and/or safety hazards

Compulsive hoarding


The tendency for elderly people to perceive, prefer, and remember positive images and experiences more than negative ones

Positivity effect


Theories that emphasize that social forces limit individual choices and affect a person's ability to function in late adulthood

Stratification theories


The view that aging makes a person's social sphere increasingly narrow, resulting in role relinquishment, withdrawal, and passivity

Disengagement theory


The view that elderly people want and need to remain active in social spheres and become withdrawn only unwillingly, as a result of ageism

Activity theory


Remaining in the same home and community in later life, adjusting but not leaving when health fades

Age in place


Designing physical space and common tools that are suitable for people of all ages and all levels of ability

Universal design


A neighborhood or apartment complex whose population is mostly retired people who moved to the location as younger adults and never left

Naturally occurring retirement community (NORC)


A U.S. organization of people 50 and older that advocates for the elderly



The obligation of adult children to care for their aging parents

Filial responsibility


Theories of late adulthood that emphasize the core self, or the search to maintain one's integrity and identity

Self theories


People older than 65 who are physically infirm, very I'll, or cognitively disabled

Frail elderly


Typically identified as 5 tasks of self-care that are important to independent living: eating, bathing, toileting, dressing, and transferring

Activities of daily life (ADLs)


Actions that are important to independent living and that require some intellectual competence and forethought

Instrumental activities of daily life (IADLs)


A living arrangement for elderly people that combines privacy and independence with medical supervision

Assisted living