Exam 4 Clicker Qs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 4 Clicker Qs Deck (23):
1

A client is started on levodopa, what type of side effects would be expected?

Sleep disorders such as insomnia

2

What is a common cause of vascular dementia?

Multiple strokes causes want?

3

Amyloid plaques and neurofibril tangles or diagnosis signs of what?

What is the diagnostic indicator of Alzheimer’s disease?

4

Medications inhibit AChE Will do what?

Increase acetylcholine levels

5

When a client takes phenothiazines for an extended period of time, what might the nurse expect to see?

Parkinsonism

6

Client develops EPS after taking phonothiazines, The nurse anticipate an order for what?

diphenhydramine

7

You would anticipate the following symptoms with early signs of Parkinson’s disease

Tremor, muscle rigidity and weakness, bradykinesia

8

Causes of muscle spasms include

Overmedication with antipsychotic medications, hypocalcemia, epilepsy

9

Symptoms of a calcium overdose

Kidney stones, muscle weakness, nausea vomiting, change in heart rate, constipation or diarrhea

10

Nonpharmacological ways to treat muscle spasm’s include

Thermal therapy, hydrotherapy, ultrasound

11

What is an early indicator of increased intercranial pressure?

Decreased responsiveness is an early sign of what?

12

What are later signs of increased intercranial pressure?

Bilateral fixed dilated pupils, rapid heart rate, papilledema

13

What is the rationale for vomiting in a patient who has increases ICP?

Pressure on the emetic center in the medulla

14

What is the typical change in blood pressure in a patient who has increased intracranial pressure?

Increasing pulse pressure is found in what condition?

15

What causes papilledema?

Increased pressure of CSF at optic disc

16

As intercranial pressure rises, the pupil of the eye, ipsilateral to the lesion, becomes dilated and unresponsive to light because of pressure on the what?

Peripheral nervous system fibers and cranial nerve III

17

Throughout what area does a cerebral spinal fluid circulate around the brain and spinal cord?

In the subarachnoid space

18

Which characteristic indicates that CSF is normal?

Clear in colorless fluid

19

The location of language center in a right handed individual

Left hemisphere

20

What would be the effect of damage to the auditory association in the left hemisphere of a right hand dominant client?

Inability to understand what is heard

21

What is the major function of the limbic system?

Determines emotional response

22

What are common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants?

Unusually large head, rapid increase in size of head, bulging fontanelle

23

Older child and adult signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include what?

Blurred vision, headache, poor circulation