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Flashcards in Exam 5 Deck (57):
1

What are the two central Christian doctrines?

incarnation and the resurrection of the body

2

What did Augustine learn from the Neoplatoists?

shadow of the true world, evil is privation

3

plotinus

evil as a privation

4

what is pride?

Thomas Hobbes insight

5

what is approval?

non-manichaean and non-platonic conclusion

6

City of God

those whom god by his grace has admitted

7

what was the condemnation of the Donatists?

1. exlusivism and forcible conversions, 2. sore trial to Augustine's spirit, 3. circumcellions, 4. sacrament is efficacious, 5. character of political leaders

8

What is the earthly city?

defined by exclusion

9

What is libido dominandi?

lust to rule

10

What are the two purposes of punishment?

its threat gives a motive to behave better, punishment may reform the criminal

11

What are the arguments against acapital punishment?

1. barbarity of rome executions
a. torture: to put to the question
b. privilege of a citizen
2. judge's task
a. lack of certainty
3. innocence
4. judges conscience

12

What is just war?

modernity rejects the state's right to punish other states, self-defense is legitimate casus belli, preemptive attacks, question of collective guilt

13

what does thomas hobbes believe breaks the vicious cycle?

government

14

who likened a well-ordered absolute monarcy to a silent graveyard?

Jean-Jaques Rousseau

15

what does Thomas Hobbes believe breaks the vicious cycle?

government

16

who likened a well-ordered absolute monarchy to a silent graveyard?

Jean-Jaques Rousseau

17

magna latrociinia

large bands of robbers, cf bastiat's legal plunder

18

Does the state counteract of cure sin?

only counteracts it

19

who created a rebirthof distinctly different political thinking?

John of Salisbury

20

Where do the roots of modern representative government lie?

in medieval systems of legal administrations of legal administration and military recruitment

21

What had a prehistory in older forms of tribal organization?

feudalism

22

What government evolved from a king and council system?

Britain parliamentary government

23

who was emperor of the romans, karl or carol the great in 800?

Charlamagne

24

who were papal interdicts?

john and elizabeth

25

What is tyrannicide?

1. classical roman view,
2. spheres of authority,
3. plot to kill Hitler
4. private individuals were not to make that judgment
5. Locke broke with this tradition

26

corpus juris civilis

ruler's will as autocrat

27

rise of islam

Crusades, Spanish reconquista, ottoman empire, instability of the successor states that emerged from the ottoman ruins

28

peoples of the book

the protected dhimmi stats required payment of the jizya

29

millet system

ottoman system under which Muslims were governed by Shari'a, Christians under canon law, and Jews under Halakah law

30

who presaged Robert Michel's' theory of the circulation of elites?

Iibn Khaldun

31

Pope Gelasius I

the last western emperor had abdicate 1 years earlier, gelasius' letter tot he eastern emperor anastasius, 494

32

simony

after Simon of the bible. a form of rent-seeking

33

papal election only by

college of cardinals

34

What happened at Canossa?

confrontation, 1077 Henry stood barefoot in the snow as a penitent for three days in the dead of winter in form the castle of Matilda of Tuscany, where Gregory was stayng

35

legibus absolutus

with sovereign immunity and is exempted from the law he gives, Congress follows this practice contrary to federalist no 57

36

perfecti

Manichean elite

37

Scipio's dream

Africanus the elder point out that the earth is nothing in the grand scheme of things and that it is only in a brief moment

38

Joseph de Maistre

violently reactionary critic of French Revolution

39

two kinds of virtue

intellectual and moral

40

how is moral virtue formed?

habit (ethos)

41

what is the aim of a lawgiver?

make the citizens good by inculcating good habits in them

42

Budziszewski: "single greatest problem of politics is simply this:"?

"how can we make government promote the common good when there is so little virtue to be found?"

43

inculcation

through law in the broadest sense, government tries to teach virtue directly; law can not be neutral and it can not fail to have an effect on character

44

who says the soul of man has an irrational and a rational part?

Aristotle

45

bios theoretikos

life of contemplation

46

three things found in soul

emotions, capacities, and characteristics

47

andreia

courage

48

tharsos

confidence

49

phobos

fear

50

deilos

cowardice

51

thrasys

rashness

52

thymos

spiritedness

53

eleutheriotes

generosity

54

megaloprepeia

magnificence

55

what is a characteristic of people who take great risks?

maganimity

56

three qualities of character that are to be avoided?

vice, moral weakness, and brutishness

57

The three conditions of friendship are:

(1) must wish for the good of the other, and (2) must have good will toward one another, and (3) must each be aware of one another’s good will.