Flashcards in Exam 5 Deck (57):
What are the two central Christian doctrines?
incarnation and the resurrection of the body
What did Augustine learn from the Neoplatoists?
shadow of the true world, evil is privation
evil as a privation
what is pride?
Thomas Hobbes insight
what is approval?
non-manichaean and non-platonic conclusion
City of God
those whom god by his grace has admitted
what was the condemnation of the Donatists?
1. exlusivism and forcible conversions, 2. sore trial to Augustine's spirit, 3. circumcellions, 4. sacrament is efficacious, 5. character of political leaders
What is the earthly city?
defined by exclusion
What is libido dominandi?
lust to rule
What are the two purposes of punishment?
its threat gives a motive to behave better, punishment may reform the criminal
What are the arguments against acapital punishment?
1. barbarity of rome executions
a. torture: to put to the question
b. privilege of a citizen
2. judge's task
a. lack of certainty
4. judges conscience
What is just war?
modernity rejects the state's right to punish other states, self-defense is legitimate casus belli, preemptive attacks, question of collective guilt
what does thomas hobbes believe breaks the vicious cycle?
who likened a well-ordered absolute monarcy to a silent graveyard?
what does Thomas Hobbes believe breaks the vicious cycle?
who likened a well-ordered absolute monarchy to a silent graveyard?
large bands of robbers, cf bastiat's legal plunder
Does the state counteract of cure sin?
only counteracts it
who created a rebirthof distinctly different political thinking?
John of Salisbury
Where do the roots of modern representative government lie?
in medieval systems of legal administrations of legal administration and military recruitment
What had a prehistory in older forms of tribal organization?
What government evolved from a king and council system?
Britain parliamentary government
who was emperor of the romans, karl or carol the great in 800?
who were papal interdicts?
john and elizabeth
What is tyrannicide?
1. classical roman view,
2. spheres of authority,
3. plot to kill Hitler
4. private individuals were not to make that judgment
5. Locke broke with this tradition
corpus juris civilis
ruler's will as autocrat
rise of islam
Crusades, Spanish reconquista, ottoman empire, instability of the successor states that emerged from the ottoman ruins
peoples of the book
the protected dhimmi stats required payment of the jizya
ottoman system under which Muslims were governed by Shari'a, Christians under canon law, and Jews under Halakah law
who presaged Robert Michel's' theory of the circulation of elites?
Pope Gelasius I
the last western emperor had abdicate 1 years earlier, gelasius' letter tot he eastern emperor anastasius, 494
after Simon of the bible. a form of rent-seeking
papal election only by
college of cardinals
What happened at Canossa?
confrontation, 1077 Henry stood barefoot in the snow as a penitent for three days in the dead of winter in form the castle of Matilda of Tuscany, where Gregory was stayng
with sovereign immunity and is exempted from the law he gives, Congress follows this practice contrary to federalist no 57
Africanus the elder point out that the earth is nothing in the grand scheme of things and that it is only in a brief moment
Joseph de Maistre
violently reactionary critic of French Revolution
two kinds of virtue
intellectual and moral
how is moral virtue formed?
what is the aim of a lawgiver?
make the citizens good by inculcating good habits in them
Budziszewski: "single greatest problem of politics is simply this:"?
"how can we make government promote the common good when there is so little virtue to be found?"
through law in the broadest sense, government tries to teach virtue directly; law can not be neutral and it can not fail to have an effect on character
who says the soul of man has an irrational and a rational part?
life of contemplation
three things found in soul
emotions, capacities, and characteristics
what is a characteristic of people who take great risks?
three qualities of character that are to be avoided?
vice, moral weakness, and brutishness