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Flashcards in exam 5 (final) Deck (53):
1

difference between prejudiced and discrimination

prejudice is an attitude and discrimination is an action

2

refusing to hire a person of color

discrimination

3

another word for blocked assimilation

segregation

4

where is blocked assimilation on the inclusive exclusive scale

in the middle

5

systematic killing of people that are different

genocide

6

most exclusive to most inclusive

-genocide
-internal colonialism
-blocked assimilation
-assimilation
-ethnic pluralism

7

examples of internal colonialism

trail of tears (putting native americans on reservations), slavery, Japanese internment camps

8

trail of tears is an example of which two terms

genocide and internal colonialism

9

what refers to the process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture

assimilation

10

summarizing a person by their membership in a particular group with out taking in to account their individual characteristics

stereotyping (ex. portraying latinos in a video game as violent criminals)

11

what percent of south carolinians wanted to keep the law against miscegenation

40%

12

what does miscegenation refer to

interracial marriage

13

example of a white ethnic group that has experienced considerable discrimination in America in the past

irish, italians, european groups, people who couldn't speak english

14

what does red lining refer to

the idea that the FHA (federal housing authority) was going to give loans to people, especially soldiers after WWII, to buy houses. in order to do so they had to map out which neighborhoods were safe to give loans to. the neighborhoods that had a lot of minorities had red lines drawn around them

15

what type of discrimination is red lining

institutionalized discrimination

16

about how many million americans identify as more than one race

9 million

17

what do we call the scale that has been developed to measure willingness to interact with racial or ethnic groups different from ones own

social distance scale

18

scapegoating

minorities taking the blame for things they can't even stand up for themselves about

19

last state to get rid of miscegenation laws

alabama

20

science on race/one drop rule

eugenics which claimed to be based in genetics and heredity and really was used to justify a lot of racist practices/idea that you can categorize people based on their blood. these ideas were all believed to be scientific at one time and were used to justify white privilege

21

gender pay gap

men and women start at the same point, they both increase over time, gap is narrower between ages 16-25, men increase faster than women so the gap keeps getting bigger and bigger until it levels off around 65 years old

22

if race is socially constructed why do we still study it

because it still matters, we live racially structured lives. these lives relate to social inequalities. who gets what, who does what, and they affect peoples life chances

23

symbolic ethnicity

relates mostly to white people and their ability to be ethnic if they want to or not. ex: mom traces back and finds you come from england, you can be proud of your heritage and show it but you also don't have to. you have the choice

24

who came up with the frustration aggression hypothesis and what is it

dollard-the idea that prejudice is a result of frustration and is caused by lack of access to things

25

who came up with the authoritarian personality and what is it

adorno-idea that people who are prejudice are really likely to also be highly susceptible to authority/to be conformists

26

how does the capitalist class benefit from being prejudice and from racism

by splitting workers up based along racial and ethnic lines

27

split labor theory

the labor market as a whole tends to be split somewhat along racial lines with a lot of people of color working in lower positions and white people working in higher positions

28

who is more likely to be prejudiced

older, uneducated people in lower and working class

29

critical race theory

changing laws is fine, but changing laws is not going to solve all problems because so much of the racism that happens is subtle racism and it's embedded in our culture

30

fear of foreign people

xenophobia

31

sexy lie

objectification is empowering

32

dominant group

group in power, power to set agendas and make laws and run businesses

33

minority group

does not mean they have the least number of people, just the last amount of power

34

cult of domesticity

women are supposed to be submissive to their husbands and be home makers, used to be thought to be empowering to work in the home

35

approximately what percent of sexually objectified bodies in the media are female bodies

96%

36

sexual objectification

transforming someone from a subject to an object

37

about how many sexualized body ads do we see a day

5000

38

1 in how many women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime

3

39

1 in how many women will be sexually assaulted in college

4

40

human capital model

50% of the variation of the difference is not accounted for in the model therefore it must be discrimination

41

second shift

women are expected to go to work and then come home to work again

42

who is more likely to get a bachelors degree

women

43

who is more likely to go to graduate school

men

44

same job and same education level

pay gap still exists

45

conflict perspectives on race and class

segregation and racism benefit the dominant group because it allows the dominant group to exploit the labor market while still maintaining social distance from minority groups

46

gender identity does not match their assigned sex

transgender

47

pseudoscientific idea about race

eugenics

48

latinos and blacks portrayed as violent criminals

stereotyping

49

if your restaurant refuses to serve latinos that is

discrimination

50

are people who are prejudiced against one group likely to be only prejudiced towards them or to other groups as well?

other groups as well (ex. people said they were prejudiced towards a fake ethnic group called wallonians)

51

who was more likely to help the shopper in the "shopping while black video"

the people of color

52

who has higher GPAs

girls

53

who has higher standardized test scores

boys