EXAM Ch. 1&2 Flashcards Preview

Religion IV > EXAM Ch. 1&2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM Ch. 1&2 Deck (23):
1

One who is sent by Jesus to continue his work

apostle

2

the teaching authority of the Church

magisterium

3

the name given to the "People of God"; Jesus's bride

Church

4

a visible sign of invisible grace

mystery

5

an invisible sign of grace; an effacious symbol, an outward sign instituted by Christ to confer grace

Sacrament

6

traditional signs of the Church: one, holy, catholic, and apostolic

Marks of the Church

7

total abandonment of the church or the Catholic faith

apostasy

8

official list of the inspired books of the Bible - 46 OT books + 27 NT books

Canon

9

"witness"; someone who has been killed for their faith

martyr

10

What is the world's largest religion with more than two billion people?

Christianity

11

Who was the first pope of the Church?

Peter

12

What images are used to describe the Church?

Bride of Christ, Christ's flock

13

What are the sacraments of healing?

reconciliation and anointing of the sick

14

What are the sacraments of service of communion?

Matrimony and Holy Orders

15

What are the sacraments of initiation?

Baptism, confirmation

16

Jesus performed these to demonstrate that God's power had broken into human history. These mighty deeds authenticated that God was present in Jesus and that through him would come salvation

miracles

17

This is the 50th day from Passover; this is when the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles in the form of fiery tongues

Pentecost

18

He defended Christianity against charges of immorality, subversion, and economic bankruptcy. He constructed the doctrinal formula 3 persons in 1 God

Tertullian

19

He argued against Gnosticism and stated that the source of right teaching and belief reside in the Roman Catholic Church with the Pope as the head

St. Irenaeus of Lyons

20

He wrote majority of the acts of the Apostles. He persecuted Christians and was knocked off of his horse by a bright light and converted to Christianity. He journeyed many places spreading Christianity

St. Paul

21

He taught that there were 3 ways of interpreting scripture: literal, moral, and allegorical. He was very controversial and denied the existence

Origen

22

He was a bishop that was arrested for refusing to worship roman Gods. He was killed for his beliefs in Christianity. During his Martyrdom, the executioner tried to burn him to death but he would not burn, so the executioner stabbed him in the heart

St. Polycarp of Smyrna

23

a notable apologist who tried to convince pagan intellectuals that Christianity is the truest and most intellectually satisfying philosophy

St. Justin the Martyr