Exam on June 22, 2016 Flashcards Preview

PB Geo > Exam on June 22, 2016 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam on June 22, 2016 Deck (81):
1

What are pros to using Biomass?

Emits less carbon than using conventional oil and gas

2

Explain the law of SUPPLY and DEMAND. Provide and example of how the VALUE of a resource is determined by using this law.

The law determines the price of goods. The price of goods will rise if demands are high or supply is low. Take gravel and diamond. Diamond is much more expensive because there isn't a lot and there is a high demand as oppose to gravel, which there is a lot so it is very cheaper in price comparison.

3

List 3 main areas of employment within the Secondary sector.

Manufacturing,

Utilities,

Construction

4

What are cons to using Tidal/Wave?

Waves must be present to use this energy

5

What are cons to using Biomass?

Tree and plants for example can take a long time to grow

6

What are pros to using Hydro?

Fuels the economy because we can sell the extra electricity.

7

How does Biomass work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Using organic materials from recently living or has been living organism. Burning them to create electricity.

8

How does Tidal/Wave work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Underwater blades captures the kinetic motion of the ebbing and surging of ocean tides in order to produce electricity.

9

What are pros to using Tidal/Wave?

Minimal impact on the environment

10

Define Quaternary industry. Provide an example

Industry that tries to improve its product through intellectual activities.

Ex. Research, Information and Development

11

Define conventional energy resources

The conventional sources of energy are generally non-renewable sources of energy, which are being used since a long time. These sources of energy are being used extensively in such a way that their known reserves have been depleted to a great extent.

12

What are cons to using Solar?

Needs to be installed where there is a lot of sunlight

13

Describe the difference between a TRADE SURPLUS and a TRADE DEFICIT

A trade surplus happens when a country’s import is lower than its exports. A trade deficit happens when a country’s import is higher than its exports. A country would want a trade surplu

14

What are cons to using Wind?

A lot of them have to built in order to create enough electricity to use and sell

15

What are cons to using Geothermal?

Expensive upon installation

16

What are oil sands?

Oil sands are a mixture of sand, water, clay and bitumen. Bitumen is oil that is too heavy or thick to flow or be pumped without being diluted or heated.

17

What is Protectionism?

A government policy that aims to help its local business thrive by placing tariffs and other rules to restrict trade.

18

List and describe 3 concerns regarding the oil sands.

Water concern—Drilling for oil sands requires a lot of water

Water pollution—Chemicals and toxic runoffs seep into the water supply and have caused high rates of cancers within the indigenous communities.

Environmental destruction—Mining for oil sands can devastate wildlife and the environment.

19

What are cons to using Hydro?

Makes it hard for fishes to migrate

20

Define alternative energy resources

Alternative energy is often referenced as any energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel. These alternatives are intended to address concerns about such fossil fuels. For example, they typically pollute less among other supposed benefits.

21

What are the main products that we export? 3

The main products we export are:

Oil and gas,

Cars,

And High technology products like vehicle parts

22

List and describe 4 things that can be done to help address the issues facing Lake Winnipeg.

Use phosphorous free products to limit runoffs or supply—In turn, it will decrease the instances of algal blooms. The government should give out incentives when we use them.

Harvest cattails—Because they absorb a lot of phosphorous. WE can use them as fertilizers and we are recycling chemicals like phosphorous.

Stop the drainage—We should restore prairie potholes as they filter out chemicals. Educate people, specially farmers to the importance of their existence

Shut of the dam every 5-7 years—Marshes need a temporary drought period to grow back. This will allow the seeds of Netley-Libau marsh to germinate.

23

What are Waste Materials called after the Milling and Smelting are done?

Tailings

24

What are the main products we import? 4

The main products we import are:

Cars,

Technology products,

Oil and gas,

And Cheap outsourced products like textiles and clothing.

25

Explain what is currently happening to Lake Winnipeg and why this is a concern.

What’s currently happening to Lake Winnipeg right now is that there are algal blooms happening. This is a concern because even though it improved fish stocks, really, this is only a temporary boon and will kill the organisms living in the lake due to NUTRIFICATION

26

What is the WTO? 2

The World Trade Organization

They are the only internationally recognized group that deals with rules of trade between countries. Its goal is to help producers, importers and exporters conduct business

27

What are the three main types of trees in Canada?

Deciduous

Coniferous

Mixed

28

Explain a situation where the law of Supply and Demand affects us in real life?

Athletes who play really good are low in supply but high in demand. It is why they are paid a lot of money.

29

List the 3 main groups of minerals found in Canada and provide an example of each.

Fossilized minerals—Any mineral that can be burned for energy. Ex. Coal, Oil and Natural gas

Metallic minerals—When refined will give us metal. Ex. Iron, Gold and Silver

Industrialized minerals—Any mineral that is not metallic or fossilized. Ex. Sand, Asbestos and Diamond

30

Who are Canada’s important export and import partners? 4

USA,

Mexico,

China,

Japan.

31

What three provinces mostly produce Hydro power?

Manitoba, Ontario and British Columbia

32

What is the law of Demand? In the law of Supply and Demand?

The law of demand states that the quantity of goods demanded falls as the price rises, and vice versa.

33

What are 3 ways Canada produces energy?

Fossil fuels—Burning them make the generators produce electricity

Hydro—Spins turbines that makes generators produce electricity.

Nuclear-- water is turned into steam, which in turn drives turbine generators to produce electricity. The heat to make the steam is created when uranium atoms split – called fission.

34

Where are tailings kept?

Tailings are kept in tailing ponds that are specially designed to contain the waste

35

Describe how oil is extracted from the oil sands.

Oil can be extracted by using a drilling well and injecting steam underground to melt or liquefy the bitumen in the oilsand. Bitumen is then sucked up and brought to surface. It Is further refined to mke the crude oil as we know it.

36

What are tailings?

Tailings are the by-products left over from mining and extracting resources, such as extracting bitumen from the oil sands

37

What is lumber used for? 5

Timber,

Cedar shingles,

Hockey sticks,

Baseball bats,

Plywood,

38

Define Fair trade. Name a company that sells Fair Trade certified products.

Is a movement that aims to help producers get a fair price for their products. To promote the practice of environmentally and sustainable practices.

Ben and Jerry’s ice cream

39

What are the uses of pulp and paper? 3

Newspaper,

Books,

Cardboard

40

Explain the difference between PROTECTIONISM and FREE TRADE. 2

Protectionism is a government policy that aims to help its local business thrive by placing tariffs and other rules to restrict trade.

41

What are the composition of tailings? 2

Tailings are a mixture of water, chemicals and rock particles

They are extremely poisonous

42

What is the law of Supply? In the law of Supply and Demand

The law of supply states that the quantity of goods supplied (i.e., the amount owners or producers offer for sale) rises as the market price rises, and falls as the price falls.

43

What is Globalization?

Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology.

44

What are Metallic minerals as one of the 3 main groups of minerals found in Canada. Provide an example of each.

Metallic minerals—When refined will give us metal. Ex. Iron, Gold and Silver

45

What are Fossilized minerals as one of the 3 main groups of minerals found in Canada. Provide an example of each.

Fossilized minerals—Any mineral that can be burned for energy. Ex. Coal, Oil and Natural gas

46

What minerals are Canada the leading producers at? 2

Uranium and Potash

47

What are Industrialized minerals as one of the 3 main groups of minerals found in Canada. Provide an example of each.

Industrialized minerals—Any mineral that is not metallic or fossilized. Ex. Sand, Asbestos and Diamond

48

Define Secondary industry. Provide an example

Industry that processes and create goods to be sold to consumers.

Ex. Manufacturing, Utilities, Construction

49

Define non-renewable resources. Show examples 3

A nonrenewable resource is a resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced by natural means on a level equal to its consumption.

Most fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas and coal are considered nonrenewable resources in that their use is not sustainable because their formation takes billions of years.

50

What is Free Trade?

A government policy where the aim is to encourage trade by eliminating tariffs and rules that restrict trade.

51

What are deciduous trees? Examples 3

Trees that shed their leaves annually.

Ex. Oak, maple, and elm

52

Define renewable resources. Show examples 4

A renewable resource is a substance of economic value that can be replaced or replenished in the same amount or less time as it takes to draw the supply down.

Ex. fresh water, solar energy, timber, and biomass.

53

What are the 4 main steps used in order to extract minerals from the ore?

- milling (blasting rock)

- concentration (add chemicals)

- smelting (melt it down)

-refining (final purification or ore)

54

What are coniferous trees?

Any of numerous, chiefly evergreen trees

Ex. Pine, Fir and Spruce

55

Define Primary industry. Provide an example

Industry that extract and refine raw materials from the environment.

Ex. Agriculture, Fishing, Oil and gas, Forestry

56

Explain the multiplier effect.

An effect in economies that refers to how a job in the primary industry will multiply to more jobs as the levels of industry rises.

57

Define Tertiary industry. Provide an example

Industry that sells goods and services to consumers.

Ex. Business and Retail

58

What is a Trade Surplus?

Happens when a country’s import is lower than its exports.

59

Define Export

Goods or services sent to another country for sale.

60

What are the pros of Globalization? 3

Improved qualities of products—Thanks to improved technology

Products are more high quality with an affordable price—There are a lot of options in the market and Consumers are picky, buying only the highest quality with the best value.

Economy grew more than ever—Because of Free Trade, we are able to sell more products.

61

What is a Trade Deficit?

Happens when a country’s import is higher than its exports.

62

What are 2 ways that soil can be damaged?

Heavy equipment—Destroying topsoil

Over tilling—Top soil is loose and can be carried away by the wind and/or water

63

Explain how urbanization has impacted agriculture in Canada.

Urbanization has affected agriculture when cities/towns expand and build on what could have been a good place to farm. This worries farmers because they know there is a finite amount of topsoil available.

64

What are innovations that led to modern farming?

Selective Breeding—Breeding traits we like

Technology—Use of machinery

65

What are 2 ways that soil can be damaged? What are 2 ways to deal with these problems?

Heavy equipment—Destroying topsoil

Over tilling—Top soil is loose and can be carried away by the wind and/or water

================

Practice no till farming—Soil holds better

Use of new technology—Like low weight tractors to minimize soil damage

66

What are the main differences between inshore and offshore fishing? 3

Self employment in Inshore, Company fishing in Offshore,

Total catch in Canada for Inshore is only 10%. For offshore, its 90%

Inshore fishing boats only go out 25 km, while the offshore boats go more than 400 km.

67

List and describe 2 issues facing the East ans West Coasts fisheries and how they can be resolved.

One issue facing the East and West coast fisheries is overfishing. Fish stocks are being depleted because there is not enough regulation. We should add some catch limits that is constantly assessed by scientists.

The other problem is aquaculture and the fishing industry. With aqua culture on the rise, it could cause job loss on the fishing industry. We should put in place quotas to solve the problem.

68

In Fishing, who exports the most? East Coast, West Coast or Freshwater fishing

East Coast

69

Define Import

Goods or services sent from another country for sale.

70

What is Outsourcing?

Outsourcing is a practice used by different companies to reduce costs by transferring portions of work to outside suppliers rather than completing it internally.

71

Why is fishing so beneficial to Canada’s balance of trade?

Because we export more than we eat. We get a trade surplus

72

How does Hydro work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Dams are built so water is always present, turning the turbine generator produces electricity.

73

What are common problems in agriculture?

Drought,

Soil erosion,

Pest.

Disease

74

How does Geothermal work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Water is injected underground. Turns to steam, is pushed up and spins turbine generator to produce electricity.

75

What are 2 ways to deal with soil being damaged

Practice no till farming—Soil holds better

Use of new technology—Like low weight tractors to minimize soil damage

76

How does Solar work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Uses sun’s energy to convert sunlight to electricity. Free electricity for the home and building.

77

What are pros to using Wind?

Wind is everywhere and will not run out

78

What are the cons of Globalization? 3

Because products are more high quality with an affordable price, it is very competitive for small developing countries when every country is playing on the same playing field. Making the rich richer while making the non-rich poorer.

Loss of identity—With bid multinational companies like McDonalds coming in to evry country, they are influencing the culture there, it can be bad and can be good.

Gave rise to child, slave and sweatshop labour

79

What are pros to using Geothermal?

Can lower energy bills from long term use

80

How does Wind work as a form of renewable energy resource?

Wind blades turn, spins turbine which powers generator and produces electricity.

81

What are pros to using Solar?

Can live off the grid for people who use it