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Flashcards in exam one Deck (96):
1

Ancient baptismal creed that was a precursor to the Apostles’ creed

Old Roman Creed

2

“ rule of faith” the rule that we base our faith on. The rule or guideline for our faith. The scriptures and ( to a lecsser extent) the early church

Regula Fidei

3

“ there was a time when Christ was not” meaning Jesus is not as “high” of a God as the father

Arius

4

His theology is what the Athanasian Creed is based off of.

Athanasius

5

325AD against Arius, the church was more unified and a confession of who God is.

Nicea

6

“ of the same substance”

Homoousios (consubstantial)-

7

-“proceeding between the father and son”

Filioque

8

Jesus is 100% human and 100% God

Person (hypostasis)-

9

the king and the pope both wanted to decide who the bishop would be. Bishops had both political and religious power.

Investiture Controversy

10

he kind would give the land and scepter( political power) and the pope would give the ring( marriage to the church) and staff( shepherd of congregation).

Solution to the Investiture Controversy at the Concordat of Worms

11

a conquering people who were invading the Holy Roman Empire and pressured the pope to give into Lutherans.

Ottoman Empire

12

abstractions are real in the mind of God, Scholasticism, congruent merit ( Lather emphasized by John Eck)

Thomas Aquinas and the via antiqua

13

-“Do what is in you”

Gabriel Biel

14

prayers and acts to receive forgiveness according to Roman Catholics

Penance

15

allowed reformers to distribute writings easily

Gutenberg and the printing press

16

a period of time when there were two popes. Both popes excommunicating each other. Showed the corruption of the papacy system.

Avignon

17

Roman Catholic Priest/mentored Luther and helped push Luther to visit Rome and read scriptures for himself

Johann von Staupitz

18

started the reformation

Martin Luther

19

second in charge, wrote the Augsburg confession, and apology,re-wrote Augsburg Confession and that’s the Variata to try and create unity in the church

Philip Melanchthon

20

-“Back to the sources” pushed for Greek learning and reading of the Scriptures

Erasmus

21

-Roman Catholic wrote the 404 articles, main opponent to the reformation

John Eck

22

indulgences, sold them to fund St. Peter’s Basilica

John Tetzel

23

Roman Catholic, sat at the 1st Diet of Augsburg

Thomas Cajetan

24

radical reformer, after Luther goes into hiding, no communion, no crucifxes, no vestments,

Andreas von Carlstadt

25

radical reformer, symbolical view of sacraments, from Zurich Switzerland

Ulrich Zwingli

26

led the peasants’ revolt, claimed God told him to do it

Thomas Müntzer

27

pacifists, sectarian” re-baptize”

Anabaptists

28

Muntzer, God speaks to people individually and not through means

Enthusiasts

29

Oversaw indulgences and signed Papal Bull

Pope Leo X

30

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire during the reformation. Invited people to the diet of Augsburg

Emperor Charles V

31

first elector of Saxony and helped Luther navigate politics even though he was not Lutheran himself

Elector Frederick the Wise

32

elector of Saxony after Frederick the wise and continued to help Luther, he was the first Lutheran elector.

Elector John the Steadfast-

33

Luther’s main problems with the roman catholic especially regarding indulgences

Ninety-five Theses

34

1521, “ here I stand I can do no other” Luther asked to recant

Diet of Worms

35

Luther inspected the church and found that the pastors were ill- equipped, he wrote the catechism in response

Saxon Visitations

36

excommunicated Luther in 1520

Papal Bull Exsurge Domine (Arise, O Lord

37

1530, Augsburg confession read to Charles the V

Diet of Augsburg-

38

Group of church that banded together to protect against Charles V and the papacy

Smalcaldic League

39

convened by pope Paul III, condemned Protestantism

Council of Trent

40

amsdorf and flacius, went about things the wrong way

Genesio-Lutherans

41

students of Melanchthon who wanted peace with the Calvinists, were will to use the Variata, osiander, major, pfeffinger

Philippists-

42

Didn’t what Lutheran believed on communion, spiritual view

Crypto-Calvinists

43

Lutheran, formula of concord, theologian

Martin Chemnitz

44

Lutheran, formula of concord, writer

Jacob Andreae

45

original sin by saying that we are made in the image of Satan

Matthias Flacius

46

French, reformer, he had a symbolic view of the sacraments

John Calvin

47

smalcadic war, Roman Catholic promised him to be elector of Saxony and stay Lutheran if he helped them, but he ended up being catholic anyway

Duke/Elector Moritz of Saxony

48

Roman catholic allowed Lutherans to have married clergy and both kinds of the sacraments

Augsburg Interim

49

1517

95 theses

50

1521

diet of worms

51

1530

diet of Augsburg (john Eck, ausburg confession

52

1547

smalcald war ends

53

1555

peace of Augsburg, Lutheranism legalized

54

1580

book of concord

55

author of The apostles creed

written by Ambrose

56

year of the apostles creed

390ad

57

Summary of Apostles Creed

I believe statements

58

Summary of Nicene Creed

a Christian statement of faith that is the only ecumenical creed because it is accepted as authoritative by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and major Protestant

59

year of Nicene Creed

325ad

60

year of Athanasian creed

12th cenerty

61

summary of Athanasian creed

Based on athanasian theology . Says that Jesus is God but Jesus is not father.

62

author of Athanasian creed

Athanasius of Alexandria

63

year of augburg confession

1530

64

author of augburg confession

Philip Melanchthon

65

summary of augburg confession

is the primary confession of faith of the Lutheran Church and one of the most important documents of the Lutheran Reformation.

66

author of Apology of the Augsburg confession

Philip Melanchthon

67

year of Apology of the Augsburg confession

1531

68

summary of Apology of the Augsburg confession

fter the 1530 Diet of Augsburg as a response to the Pontifical Confutation of the Augsburg Confession, Charles V's commissioned official Roman Catholic response to the Lutheran Augsburg Confession of June 25, 1530.

69

year of Treatise on the power and primacy of the pope

1537

70

summary ofTreatise on the power and primacy of the pope

was ratified and subscribed by this assembly as an appendix to the Augsburg Confession, which did not have a specific article dealing with the office of the papacy. Defining their stance on the papacy was deemed important by the Lutherans as they faced the impending church council that would ultimately meet as the Council of Trent.

71

author of Treatise on the power and primacy of the pope

Philip Melanchton

72

Date of The small catechism of martin Luther

1529

73

summary of The small catechism of martin Luther

made for the family

74

author of The small catechism of martin Luther

Martin Luther

75

author of large catechism of martin Luther

Martin Luther

76

summary of large catechism of martin Luther

made for pastors and for people that are in the church

77

date of large catechism of martin Luther

1529

78

date of Epitome of the foumula of concord

1577

79

summary Epitome of the foumula of concord

Bullet points of the solid declaration of the formula of concord

80

What is the books in the Book of concord

The Book of Concord contains the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Athanasian Creed, the Augsburg Confession, the Apology [Defense] of the Augsburg Confession, the Smalcald Articles, the Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope, the Small Catechism, the Large Catechism, and the Formula of Concord.

81

year of solid or through declaration of the formula of concord

1577

82

summary of solid or through declaration of the formula of concord

the longer verse, no bullet points , was for people who were more interested in this information

83

Cappadocian father, involved with maintaining orthodoxy throughout early church, instrumental in crafting and popularizing filioque and Nicene creed

Basil the Great -

84

- Cappadocian Father, pretty much involved in everything Basil was

Gregory of Nazianzus -

85

Coucil that finishes nicene creed

Constantinople

86

RC, Sat at the 1st Diet of Augsburg, tried to get luther to recant, one of the “best” RC theologians of 16th century, actually tried to work through Scriptures unlike John Eck

-Thomas Cajetan -

87

convened the council of trent, shows up throughout 1530’s, the smalcald articles were directed towards him

Pope Paul III

88

Elector/Duke John Frederick - Cousin of Moritz, Elector after 1532, asked Luther to do smalcald articles, Loses electoral title to Moritz after Smalcald war, son of John the Steadfast

Elector/Duke John Frederick

89

main genesio lutheran, believed "good works are detrimental to salvation

Nicholas von Amsdorf -

90

- Philippist, believed justification as the “indwelling of the divine nature of Christ"

Andreas Osiander

91

- Philippist, believed "Good works are necessary for salvation"

-George Major

92

Philippist, believed that "if you escape from the sun, you don’t get the light. In the same way, the will must first turn towards God before it can receive salvation."

Johann Pfeffinger

93

(Know the results of the war) Moritz became an elector and Wittenberg was transferred from old Saxony to new Saxony, John Frederick lost power, Charles V takes over land

Smalcaldic War -

94

Adiaphoristic controversy between Philippists and Genesio Lutherans, Philippists wanted to compromise with the views of the Catholics, but the Genesio Lutherans held to their beliefs

Leipzig Interim

95

No actual decisions made, just a treaty that said “we won’t kill each other

1552 Peace of Passau

96

One of the ecclesial forces for the Reformation, loss of church control within the RC church, multiple popes means a loss of authority and loss of the "true church" at all, councils make decisions here and that is why Luther called for councils all the time, Lutheranism is a viable option for people in this context of corruption

Western Schism