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Flashcards in Exam One Study Guide Deck (35)
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1

Female pharaoh who had herself portrayed as a man in statues. Promoted trade with the kingdom of Punt, to the South.

Hatshepsut

2

Indo-European people who established a capital at Hattusas in modern-day Turkey about 1500 bce. A military power in their day, they had a king whose power was limited by a council of nobles.

Hittites

3

Babylonian ruler who had the Ishtar gate built and who deported the people of Jerusalem to begin the Babylonian Captivity.

Nebuchadnezzar

4

Merchant people who lived along the sea coast of Palestine and were important as merchants in the Mediterranean. They set up many colonies, including Carthage.

Phoenicians

5

High god of the Persians; Zoroaster promoted him as the one true god, the protector of goodness and light; he was opposed by Ahiram, the chief force of evil.

Ahura Mazda

6

Neolithic city that was an exception to the norm that Neolithic settlements were small; it was a small city with walls that was inhabited perhaps as early as 8,000 BCE and was surrounded by walls.

Jericho

7

Father of the Cyclops

Poseidon

8

Mesopotamian myth that describes the quest for immortality by an ancient Sumerian king who hears of another man who survived a great flood.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

9

The typical way that a people in a given culture depict the same thing.

artistic convention

10

"Excellence" and also the name of the queen of the Phaiacians.

Arête

11

Akkadian ruler who, in about 2350 BCE, established the first empire in world history.

Sargon

12

Which elements combine to make "ma'at"?

truth, justice, order and integrity

13

The great palace of the kings in Knossos on Crete was known as what?

the labyrinth

14

Ruler of Pylos; Telemachus looked to him as a father figure and come to him to ask about where his actual father was.

Nestor

15

Ring-leader of the suitors.

Antinous

16

The Bronze Age culture of the Greek mainland is known as what?

Mycenean

17

Which pharaoh promoted the worship of a single god, the Solar Disk?

Akhenaten

18

Wife of Akhenaten

Nefertiti

19

Where was the home of the Minoan kings?

Knossos

20

They were from Northern Mesopotamia and known for their efficient brutality in war and harsh treatment of captured enemies. They successfully administered their growing empire under kings like Sargon II and Ashurbanipal.

the Assyrians

21

6 headed monster who ate 6 of Odysseus's crewmen.

Scylla

22

Asiatic immigrants who took control of the Nile delta region and ruled as Dynasty 15 during the 2nd Intermediate Period.

Hyksos

23

He wrote the book Works and Days

Hesiod

24

Who defeated the Babylonian empire and started the Persian empire?

Cyrus

25

Who was know for his leniency and allowed the Jews in exile in Babylon to return to and rebuild Jerusalem?

Cyrus

26

Which Paleolithic culture produced cave art?

Cro-Magnon

27

Who was the king of the party loving Phaiacians?

Alcinous

28

Egyptian god of the air

Amon (or Amun)

29

Whose cows did Odysseus's men eat?

Helios

30

Culture characterized by hunter-gatherers who used primitive tools. Ice-Age culture and the cave art comes from this kind of culture.

Paleolithic