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Flashcards in exam practice questions Deck (41):
1

who established the comparison microscope as the indispensable tool of the modern firearm examiner?

goddard

2

who is known as the "father of forensic toxicology"?

mathieu orfilia

3

"cleaning the scene" means:

treating it as an active scene until proven otherwise

4

measurement methods for a sketch include:

triangulation, baseline, rectangular

5

the technology of DNA typing had its beginnings in 1985 with the work of whom?

sir alec jefferys

6

Why has STR replaced other DNA typing techniques?

it is less subject to sample degradation

7

the discriminating power of mt DNA is ____ the discriminating power of STR analysis

less than

8

panmixia means:

random mating

9

the post mortem interval is often used in cases where the PMI is believed to be:

>48h

10

what can be used in making an identification of a deceased individual?

fingerprinting, dental examination, facial reconstuction

11

where can partially digested or dissolved pills be seen?

stomach

12

where are defense wounds most typically seen

arms/hands

13

in the case of daubert v merrell dow pharmaceuticals inc, the us supreme court advocated that a "gatekeeper" determine the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence. Who is this gatekeeper?

trial judge

14

what part of the victims body is covered in bags to prevent loss of trace evidence

hands

15

death intentionally caused by another person is typically rules what?

homocide

16

toxicological specimens are taken at which stage of the death investigation

internal examination

17

the camera should be at a certain angle when photographing impression evidence:

90 degrees

18

what might a forensic anthropologist create to help with the identification of the victim?

facial reconstruction

19

which of the following cannot be determined from a laboratory examination of evidence recovered from an arson?

the brand name of gasoline used to start the fire

20

the term bit is short for what?

binary digit

21

forensic entomology is:

the application of insect biology to criminal matters

22

insects have a ____ body.

3 part

23

invertebrates do not posses a:

vertebral coloumn

24

the type of lighting used to photograph impression evidence:

oblique

25

subdivisions of forensic entomology are:

urban, stored-product, medico-criminal

26

forensic entomology was first documented in:

china

27

in order to be a member of the american board of forensic entomology a member must posses

a Ph.D

28

at the crime scene, the string method is used to find out what about the impact splatter pattern?

area of origin

29

maggots can digest 60% of a body within:

1 week

30

which lens would be best suited to photograph the details of a small but detailed tool mark found at a crime scene?

a macro lens

31

proper location and documentation of bloodstain patterns at the crime scene is the responsibility of whom?

the crime scene investigator

32

in canada, the national dna data bank consists of which two indicies?

crime scene index and convicted offenders index

33

which entity maintains the largest crime laboratory in the world?

federal bureau of investigation

34

which of the following would not be included in the work of the biology unit of a crime lab?

fingerprint analysis

35

which unit is responsible for examining body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs and poisons?

toxicology unit

36

which of the following people made a contribution to forensic toxicology

mathieu orfilia, valentin ross, carl wilhelm scheele

37

who is the final evaluator of forensic evidence?

jury

38

the FBIs CODIS generates leads from three incidies:

forensic, offender, arrestee

39

forensic odontology refers to the study of which of the following?

teeth

40

the lay witness provides testimony that relies on what?

personal knowledge

41

what area of forensic science examines the relationship between human behavior and legal proceedings?

forensic psychiatry