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Flashcards in Exam revison unit 1 Deck (37):


Describes the gradual changes in an individuals physical, intellectual, emotional and social states and abilities.


Physical Development

The changes that relate to a persons size shape and therefore, body structure.

Eg: Gross and fine motor skills


Intellectual Development

Cognitive development and the ways in which people are able to think and reason

Eg: Knowledge, memory and problem solving


Emotional Development

The feelings and moods and the ways in which people express, understand and exercise control over them

Eg: self concept, self esteem and awareness of emotions


Social Development

The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships with other people

Eg: Behaviours, values & beliefs and relationships


Testosterone (Males)

Stimulates sperm production and is responsible for the development of secondary sex characteristics


Progesterone (Females)

Stimulates growth of the endometrium in the menstrual cycle


Hormones in the Menstrual Cycle

Progesterone and Oestrogen

(Also can put FSH and LH)


Primary Sexual Characteristics

The physical sexual organs which allow reproduction (occurs internally)

Eg: Ovary, uterus, testicles ect


Secondary Sexual Characteristics

Distinguish males from females and not directly linked to reproduction (occurs externally)

Eg: Breasts, adams apple ect


Health Definition

The state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity


Limitation of Health Definition 1

An individual might have poor health in one aspect of the definition but have optimal health in another area


Limitation of Health Definition 2

The definition places unhealthy and diseased individuals in the same category when there is a difference in the two.

Eg: One can be cured whilst the other can't


Physical Health

Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.

Eg: Being free from illness, eating healthy, functioning immune system ect


Mental Health

A state of wellbeing, in which the individuals realises his or her own abilities, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community

Eg: Being able to cope with everyday stress, a feeling of belonging and able to express emotions


Social Health

Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both and independent and cooperative way

Eg: Maintain relationships, accept responsibility for actions and contribute to the community



The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factors



Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group



A long-term general movement or change in frequency usually upwards or downwards


Burden of Disease

A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between the current health status and ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age, free of disease and disability


Life Expectancy

Is an indication of how long a person can expect to live. It is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change. Life expectancy is measured from birth.



The number or rate of new cases of a particular disease or condition present in population at a given time


DALY (disability adjusted life years)

A measure of the years of healthy life lost due to premature death, illness or injury.


Leading causes of Mortality

1. Injuries and poisonings
2. Cancer
3. Diseases of the nervous system


Leading causes of morbidity

1. Mental health issues
2. Injuries and poisonings
3. Overweight and obesity


Behavioural Determinant

Actions or patterns of an individual or group that impacts on health such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity and eating practices.

Eg: Smoking, Sexual activity and physical activity


Physical Environment

The physical surroundings in which an individual exists on a daily basis.

Eg: school, work and housing environment


Social Determinant/Environment

Aspect of society and the social environment that impacts on health such as poverty, life experiences, social networks and support

Eg: Family cohesion, media and socio-economic status



Causes of obesity in children include unhealthy food choices, lack of physical activity and family eating habits

Walking school bus: A group of children walking to school with one or more adults


Mental Health

Youth feeling isolated, stigmatised and unable to optimise their social and interpersonal contributions to society

Beyond Blue: Providing 24/7 personal help and raising awareness to eliminate stigma against mental health



Youth taking advantage of new experiences like driving, drinking, taking drugs and being reckless.

TAC (Transport Accident Commission): Pays benefits to people injured in transport accidents. Also actively campaigns to reduce incidence of road trauma through accident prevention programs.



Provides high quality public healthcare, which is both affordable and accessible to all Australians


How is Medicare Funded?

All Australians pay 2.0% of their taxable income


What does medicare cover?

Doctors consultation fees, diagnostic tests like blood tests and x-rays and most surgical procedures like treatment for an illness


What doesn't medicare cover?

Private hospital costs, dental examinations and treatments and ambulance services


Rights in accessing health care

Information about which hospital staff will care for you

Choose whether you wish to have treatment as a public or private patient


Responsibilities in accessing health care

Seek medical help if you need it

Ask questions and discuss concerns