Exam1/Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

CLCS 384 > Exam1/Quiz 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam1/Quiz 2 Deck (44):
1

arkhe

fundamental principle

2

aitia

reason, rational cause

3

sozein ta phainomena

save the phenomena

4

dynamis

inherent property, power

5

physis

natural world

6

atomon

atom, uncuttable thing

7

isonomia

equal balance

8

monarkhia

supremacy

9

symmetros krasis

proportionate mixture

10

iatros

Greek healer, physician

11

anonymous londinensis

1st century CE manuscript claiming theory held by Hippokrates

12

empeiria

experienced based on perception and memory

13

tekhne

craft or skill; practice based on knowledge of causes

14

episteme

scientific knowledge based on causes and fundamental principles

15

apollo paian

Apollo the Healer, divine patron of Hippokratic guild

16

agora

marketplace, central public space in Greek community

17

rhizotomoi

root cutters, agents of empirical tradition of pharmacology

18

facies

facial appearances indicative of health and disease

19

empyema

collection of pus in the body cavity

20

acropachy

autoimmune condition causing swelling of hands and clubbing of fingers

21

hiere nosos

sacred disease, epilepsy

22

phlegm

cold, wet, thick bodily fluid

23

vena cava

large vein carrying deoxygenated blood to heart

24

pneuma

breath, air; source of mobility; sensation, consciousness

25

orthopmea

shortness of breath when patient lies flat

26

encephalocentric theory

theory that brain is center of emotion, sensation, and cognition

27

paradigm

dominant theoretical framework for scientific activity

28

monarkhia

supremacy

29

symmetros krasis

proportionate mixture

30

phlegm (h)

humor with cold and wet qualities

31

blood

humor with hot and wet qualities

32

yellow bile

humor with hot and dry qualities

33

black bile

humor with cold and dry qualities

34

khymos

fluid, juice, humor

35

pepsis (coction)

process of digestion and assimilation of food

36

chyle

first byproduct of pepsis, produced in stomach and transferred to liver

37

bile

waste byproduct of production of humors in the liver

38

pneuma zotikon

living breath, responsible for mobility

39

atria

two cardiac chambers that receive blood from the body and lungs

40

ventricles

cardiac chambers that transfer blood to the body and lungs

41

intraventricular septum

wall separating right and left cardiac ventricles

42

rete mirabile

network of vessels at base of brain; site for production of pneuma psykhikon

43

pneuma psykhikon

psychic breath--responsible for sensation and cognition

44

emphytos thermotes

innate heat