Expanding Markets and Moving West - Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Expanding Markets and Moving West - Chapter 9 Deck (33):
1

In farming, the raising of one or two crops for sale rather than a variety of foods for personal use

Specialization

2

Economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves

Market Revolution

3

Economic system in which individuals and businesses control the means of production

Capitalism

4

Business owner

Entrepreneur

5

Inventor of the telegraph

Samuel F.B. Morse

6

Device that sends messages by wires

telegraph

7

Inventor of the steel plow

John Deere

8

Inventor of the mechanical reaper

Cyrus McCormick

9

Belief that the United States would expand across the continent

Manifest destiny

10

Treaty that gave Native Americans control of the central plains

Treaty of Fort Laramie

11

Trail from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico

Santa Fe Trial

12

Trail from Missouri to Oregon

Oregon Trial

13

Religious group that settled near present-day Salt Lake City

Mormons

14

Founder and leader of the Mormons

Joseph Smith

15

Leader of the Mormons who decided to move the group west to Utah

Brigham Young

16

Slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call fro U.S. annexation of the Oregon Territory

"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"

17

Leader of American colony in Texas

Stephen F. Austin

18

Gift of public land to an individual or organization

Land grant

19

Mexican president who fought Texans in the Texas Revolution

Antonio López de Santa Anna

20

Texas Revolution

Texas's war for Independence from Mexico

21

Site of a key battle in the Texas Revolution

Alamo

22

First president of the Republic of Texas

Sam Houston

23

Independent nation that was created after Texans defeated Mexico in the Texas Revolution

Republic of Texas

24

To make part of, incorporate

Annex

25

11th president

James K. Polk

26

American general in war with Mexico and 12th president

Zachary Taylor

27

American general in war with Mexico

Stephen Kearny

28

Nation declared by American settlers after defeating Mexicans

Republic of California

29

American general in war with Mexico

Winfield Scott

30

Treaty ending the War with Mexico

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

31

Purchase of land from Mexico in 1853 that established the present U.S.-Mexico boundary

Gadsden Purchase

32

People who came to California in 1849 in search of gold

Forty-niners

33

Movement of people to a place in which gold has been discovered

Gold rush