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Flashcards in export_abdomen ii Deck (50):
1

Artery that oxygenates the foregut

Celiac trunk

2

Branches of the celiac trunk

Left gastric a.
Splenic a.

Common hepatic a.

3

Left gastric a. supply

Goes to proximal portion of lesser curvature of stomach

4

Branches of splenic a.

Pancreatic a.
Short gastric a.

Left gastro-omental (gastroepiploic a.)

5

Left gastro-omental (gastroepiploic a.) supply

Left side of the greater curvature of the stomach

6

Common hepatic a. branches

Gastroduodenal a.
Right gastric a.

Proper hepatic a.

7

Gastroduodenal a. branches

Right gastro-omental (gastroepiploic) a.
Superior pancreaticoduodenal a.

Supraduodenal a.

8

Right gastro-omental (gastroepiploic) a. supply

Goes to the right side of the greater curvature of the stomach

9

Superior pancreaticoduodenal a. supply

Stomach, pancreas, and head of duodenum

10

Supraduodenal a. supply

Superior duodenum, sometimes absent

11

Right gastric a. supply

Right lesser curvature of the stomach

12

Proper hepatic a. branches

Right hepatic a.
Left hepatic a.

13

Right hepatic a. supply

Gives off cystic a. (to gallbladder) and goes to liver

14

Left hepatic a. supply

Goes to liver

15

Midgut blood supply

Superior mesenteric a. (SMA)

16

SMA branches

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.
Intestinal branches

Ileocolic a.

R. colic a.

Middle colic a.

Marginal a.

17

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. supply

Head of pancreas and the duodenum

18

Intestinal branches supply

Jejunum and ileum

19

Ileocolic a. supply

Distal ileum and cecum

20

R. colic artery supply

Ascending colon

21

Middle colic a. supply

Transverse colon

22

Marginal a. supply

Formed by branches of ileocolic, right colic, middle colic, and left colic a.
Gives rise to vasae rectae (straight vessels)

23

Hingut blood supply

Inferior mesenteric a. (IMA)

24

IMA branches

L. colic a.
Sigmoid a.

Superior rectal a.

25

L. colic a. supply

Descending colon

26

Sigmoid a. supply

Sigmoid colon

27

Superior rectal a. supply

Proximal rectum

28

Sympathetic levels for foregut

T5-T9

29

Which nerve do the sympathetics of the foregut follow?

Greater splanchnic nerve

30

Where do the sympathetics for the foregut synapse?

Celiac ganglia

31

What nerve do the postsynaptics of the sympathetics of the foregut follow?

Celiac trunk

32

Parasympathetics origin of the foregut

The brain

33

Where do the parasympathetics of the foregut run?

Pass through CNX
Pass through celiac plexus (NO synapse)

Follow celiac trunk

34

Where do the parasympathetics of all the gut regions synapse?

In the ganglia of the gut plexuses

35

Sympathetic levels of the midgut

T10-T12

36

Which nerve do the sympathetics of the midgut follow?

Lesser splanchnic nerve (T10-T11) or least splanchnic nerve (T12)

37

Where do the sympathetics of the midgut synapse?

Superior mesenteric ganglion

38

What do the postsynaptics of the sympathetics of the midgut follow?

SMA

39

Where do the parasympathetics of the midgut originate?

The brain

40

What is the pathway of the midgut parasympathetics?

CNX
Superior mesenteric plexus (NO synapse)

Follow SMA

41

Sympathetic levels of the hindgut

L1-L2

42

Which nerve do the sympathetics of the hindgut travel through?

Lumbar splanchnic nerves (L1-L2)

43

Where do the sympathetics of the hindgut synapse?

Inferior mesenteric ganglion

44

What do the postsynaptics of the sympathetics of the hingut follow?

IMA

45

Where do the parasympathetics of the hindgut originate?

S2-S4 spinal nerve

46

Pathway of the parasympathetics of the hindgut

Pass through S2-S4
Pass through pelvic splanchnic nerves

Branches to colon through hypogastric plexus and inferior mesenteric plexus

Follow branches of IMA

47

From aorta to liver if common hepatic artery is blocked

Celiac trunk
Splenic a.

Left gastroepiploic a.

Right gastroepiploic a.

Gastroduodenal a.

Proper hepatic a.

Left hepatic a.

48

Caput medusae presentation

Umbilical veins that were functional in embryo are backed up due to damage to hepatic portal system

49

Caput medusae causes

Cirrhosis
Hepatitis

Heart problems

50

Tests used to rule out different diagnoses for caput medusae

Liver function test