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Flashcards in export_abdomen iv Deck (55):
1

Kidney sympathetic innervation

T10-L1

2

Kidney parasympathetic innervation

Vagus
S2-S4

3

Adrenal cortex function

Produce corticosteroids and androgens

4

Adrenal medulla function

Norepinephrine and epinephrine

5

Adrenal medulla innervation

Presynaptic sympathetics that synapse on chromaffin cells

6

Adrenal cortex innervation

Autonomic fibers associated with blood cells controlling vasodilation and vasoconstriction

7

Adrenal gland blood supply

Superior suprarenal a.
Middle suprarenal a.

Inferior suprarenal a.

8

Superior renal a. is a branch of?

Inferior phrenic a.

9

Middle suprarenal a. is a branch of?

Aorta

10

Inferior suprarenal a. is a branch of?

Renal a.

11

Diaphragm sensory inneration to periphery

Intercostal n.

12

Blood supply to diaphragm

Superior phrenic a. (thoracic aorta)
Inferior phrenic a. (abdominal aorta)

13

Psoas major attachments

Transverse processes of T12-S1
Lesser trochanter of femur

14

Psoas major innervation

Lumbar plexus via anterior branches of L2-L4

15

Psoas major action

Flexes thigh
Flexes vertebral column laterally

Flexes trunk when seated

16

Iliacus attachments

Superior iliac fossa, ala of sacrum, anterior sacro-iliac ligaments
Lesser trochanter of femur and shaft inferior to it

17

Iliacus innervation

Femoral nerve (L2-L4)

18

Iliacus action

Flexes thigh and stabilizes hip joint with psoas major

19

Quadratus lumborum attachments

Medial rib 12 and lumbar transverse processes
Iliolumbar ligament and iliac crest

20

Quadratus lumborum innervation

Anterior branches of T12 and L1-L4

21

Quadratus lumborum action

Extends and laterally flexes vertebral column
Fixes 12th rib during inspiration

22

Subcostal n.

Ventral rami of T12
External oblique m.

Skin of anterolateral abdominal wall

23

Lumbar spinal n.

L1-L5
Dorsal rami - deep back m. and back skin

Ventral rami - skin and muscles of inferior trunk and lower limb

24

Lumbar plexus

L1-L4
Gives rise to several nerves

25

Ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric n.

L1
Abdominal m.

Skin of inguinal and pubic regions

26

Genitofemoral n.

L1-L2
Skin below inguinal ligament

27

Lateral femoral cutaneous n.

L2-L3
Anterolateral skin of thigh

28

Femoral n.

L2-L4
Iliacus, hip flexors, knee extensors

29

Obturator n.

L2-L4
Medial thigh and adductors

30

Lumbosacral trunk

L4-L5
Joins sacral plexus

31

Subcostal a. source

Thoracic aorta inferior to 12th rib

32

Subcostal a. supply

Posterior body wall inferior of 12th rib

33

Inferior phrenic a. source

Abdominal aorta

34

Inferior phrenic a. supply

Inferior surface of diaphragm and adrenal glands

35

Suprarenal a. source

Abdominal aorta

36

Suprarenal a. supply

Adrenal glands

37

Renal a. source

Abdominal aorta

38

Renal a. supply

Kidneys

39

Gonadal a. source

Abdominal aorta

40

Gonadal a. supply

Testes or ovaries

41

Lumbar a. source

Abdominal aorta

42

Lumbar a. supply

Posterior abdominal wall

43

Median sacral a. source

Abdominal aorta

44

Median sacral a. supply

Unpaired; goes to sacrum and coccyx

45

Abdominal aorta branches where, and into what?

L4, into right and left common iliac arteries

46

Divisions of common iliac arteries

Internal iliac (goes into pelvis )
External iliac (follows iliopsoas )

47

Gonadal veins

Right -> IVC
Left -> left renal vein

48

If there is a blockage, blood can bypass the IVC via which veins?

Superior and inferior epigastric v.
Thoracoepigastric v.

Epidural venous plexus

49

Position of kidneys

Lie in the paravertebral gutters at levels T12-L3

50

Crus muscle

Part of diaphragm that wraps around esophageal hiatus

51

Lateral arcuate ligament

Divides diaphragm and quadratus lumborum

52

Medial arcuate ligament

Divides diaphragm and psoas major

53

Median arcuate ligament

Formed by two crura over aorta

54

Location of genitofemoral n.

Always comes out on psoas m. 

55

Sciatic n.

Lumbosacral trunk and sacral plexus join together to form this
Innervates butt, back of thigh, bottom of leg

Most medial of all nerves, parallel with obturator