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Music A Level Aural Perception > Expressionism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Expressionism Deck (10)
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1

Expressionism - Dates

1900s-1920s

2

Expressionism - Tonality

Atonal (without key) [also called Pantonal (all keys)]

3

Expressionism - Scales used

Tone rows (dodecaphonic) - 12-tone row
Chromatic

4

Expressionism - Harmony

Dissonance
Hexachords + compliments
Non functional harmony
Cluster chords

5

Expressionism - Rhythms/Tempo

Sounds unmetered - no time signature (free rhythm), no sense of bar line
Irregular rhythms

6

Expressionism - Composers

Schoenberg
Webern
Berg
(2nd Viennese School)

7

Expressionism - key features

-Extreme pitch range + dynamics
-Short motifs with wide leaps (disjunct)
-Hexachord + compliments
-Klangfarbenmelodie
-Tone rows
-Contrapuntal texture
-Often no sense of time signature - sounds unmetered

8

What is the style of speech singing heard in examples of Expressionist music?

Sprechgesang

9

Textures used in Schoenberg's music?

Counterpoint (e.g. 12 tone row used in a contrapuntal way)
Fugal

10

Expressionism - Structures

Harder to create structure - one way was to use text (Sprechgesang)
Movements tended to be short