Eyewitness Testimony: Misleading Information Flashcards Preview

Psychology: Memory > Eyewitness Testimony: Misleading Information > Flashcards

Flashcards in Eyewitness Testimony: Misleading Information Deck (24):
1

what did Loftus and Palmer look at?

how EWT can be distorted

2

what did Loftus and Palmer use?

leading questions where certain answers is implied in the question

3

Loftus and Palmer: study name

looking into eyewitness testimony

4

Loftus and Palmer: study date

1974

5

Experiment 1 - Method: participants where shown

a film of a car crash

6

Experiment 1 - Method: after the film, they were

asked a series of questions

7

Experiment 1 - Method: what was the main question used?

how fast was the car going when they _____?

8

Experiment 1 - Method: verb used

hit
smashed
collided
bumped
contacted

9

Experiment 1 - Results: verb that caused the highest estimated speed

smashed (41 mph)

10

Experiment 1 - Results: verb that caused the lowest estimated speed

collided (32 mph)

11

Experiment 2: Method: how many groups were the participants split into?

three

12

Experiment 2: Method: Group 1 verb

smashed

13

Experiment 2: Method: Group 2 verb

hit

14

Experiment 2: Method: Group 3

didn't have any indication of the vehicles speed

15

Experiment 2: Method: a week later the participants were asked

did you see any broken glass

16

Experiment 2: Results: was there any broken glass?

no

17

Experiment 2: Results: group 1

more likely to say there was glass then group 2

18

Experiment 2: Conclusion: leading questions can affect

the accuracy of people's memories of an event

19

Experiment 2: Evaluation: EWT causes implications in

police interviews

20

Experiment 2: Evaluation: the study is an

artificial experiment

21

Experiment 2: Evaluation: watching a video isn't

emotionally arousing

22

Experiment 2: Evaluation: another study found that if the participants thought the film was real

they gave more accurate speed estimates

23

Experiment 2: Evaluation: the experimental design might cause

demand characteristics

24

Experiment 2: Evaluation: the leading questions could lead to the participants

to figure out what the experiment was about