FA - Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FA - Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (192)
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1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide (1st line)
Valproate (2nd line)

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine (inhibits PMN chemotaxis along microtubules)

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

5

Alcohol use disorder

AA + disulfiram, naltrexone, or acamprosate (NDMA blocker & GABA-A agonist) for patient. Al- Anon for patient’s family

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

10

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 supplementation (work up cause with Schilling test)

11

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin (alpha1 blocker), finasteride (5a reductase inh)

12

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine (mood stabilizers)

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia nervosa

SSRIs

16

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic)
nystatin (oral thrush)
Azoles (vaginitis)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea confection)

erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor)
Allopurinol (overproducer)
Febuxostat

20

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-α

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Imatinib

Aleumtuzumab (anti-CD52)

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

25

CMV

Ganciclovir

26

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, methotrexate, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

amphotericin B + Flucytosine (5FC) + Fluconazole for 6 wks
Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

28

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

Depression

SSRIs (first-line)

30

Diabetes insipidus

DDAVP (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)