Flashcards in Fabric care Deck (27)
Taking care of clothes
-Remove stains and wash or dry clean.
-Mend clothes before storing.
-Use shapes/padded hangers.
-Fold knitwear and store it flat.
-Polish shoes and leather accesories.
Include details on:
-Action (movement of clothes during wash)
-Length of spin (full or short spin)
The bar symbol shows the washing action and the type of spin to be used.
Bar symbol - No bar
Maximum washing action and spin. (Cotton cycle)
Bar symbol - single bar
Medium washing action and short spin. (Synthetic cycle)
Bar symbol - Broken bar
Minimum washing action. This is the cycle used for wool. (Wool cycle.)
-Mend clothes if necessary,
-Close zips and buttons.
-Sort the clothes according to colour and wash care label.
-Follow special instructions (eg. 'do not use biological detergent')
Colour fast/Non-colour fast.
Colour in colour-fast fabrics do not run in the wash.
Non-colour fast fabrics are to be washed separately as colour will run in the wash.
Washing delicate fabrics. (Eg. wool, silk)
-Use a low temperature and a mild detergent.
-Squeeze garment instead of rubbing.
-Rinse several times, gently squeezing out water.
-Do not wring.
-Roll in a towel. Dry flat or drip dry.
-Use a cool iron.
A detergent is a substance which removes dirt.
Types of detergent.
-Hand washing detergents
-Detergents for delicate fabrics
Biological detergents contain chemicals called enzymes which break down protein stains such as blood and gravy.
A fabric conditioner is a substance that makes fabrics softer.
-Act quickly before stain dries into fabric.
-Scrape or blot off, but do not rub in stains.
-Start with a mild treatment, such as soaking in cold water.
-If using commercial stain remover, first teat it on a hidden part of the garment. (Eg. the hem)
Removing bubble gum stain
Freeze and scrape off. Use a grease solvent (eg. benzene) to remove grease stain.
Perspiration, tea or coffee stain removal
Soak in warm water with biological detergent. Wash as usual.
Blood, gravy and egg (protein) stain removal
Soak in cold water immediately. If stain has set, soak in warm water with biological detergent.
Grass, ink stain removal.
Soak stained area in methylated spirits. Wash as usual.
Chocolate stain removal
Wash in hot water. If stain remains, dab with glycerine. Wash as usual.
Grease stain removal
Wash in hot water and detergent. If stain remains, dab with a grease solvent. Wash as usual.
Washing machines - guidelines for use
-Wait until you have a full load if possible.
-Use low-foaming detergent.
-Choose the correct washing programme.
-Use the economy programme where possible.
Does not cost money and makes clothes smell fresh.
Ways to dry clothes
These can be used indoors, but drying causes condensation. Rooms should be well ventilated.
Tumble drying is convenient but it is not environmentally friendly because it uses a lot of electricity. Some fabrics, such as wool, shrink when tumble dried.