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Gross Anatomy > Face and Scalp > Flashcards

Flashcards in Face and Scalp Deck (43):
1

5 Layers of the Scalp

Skin, Connective Tissue, Aponeurosis, Loose Areolar CT, Pericranium

2

Occipital Belly of Occipitofrontalis

from nuchal line of occipital bone and inserts into epicranial aponeurosis

3

Frontal Belly of Occipitofrontalis

from skin and fascia of eyebrow and inserts into epicranial aponeurosis

4

Occipitofrontalis

move scalp and raise eyebrows
inn by facial n
2 bellies

5

Branches of Ophthalmic Division of the Trigeminal N

Supratrochlear and Supraorbital NN

6

Branch of Maxillary Division of Trigeminal N

Zygomaticotemporal N

7

Branch of Mandibular Division of Trigeminal N

Auriculotemporal N

8

Branch of Cervical Plexus (C2)

Lesser Occipital N

9

Branch of Dorsal Ramus of C2

Greater Occipital N

10

Supratrochlear and Supraorbital AA

branches of ophthalmic a
ascend over forehead

11

Superficial Temporal A

terminal branch of external carotid a
ascends in front of ear

12

Posterior Auricular A

branch of external carotid a
ascends behind ear

13

Occipital A

branch of external carotid a
supplies skin on back of skull

14

Supratrochlear and Supraorbital VV

unite at medial margin
form Facial V

15

Superficial Temporal V and Maxillary V

form retromandibular vein

16

Posterior Auricular V and Posterior Division of Retromandibular V

Forms external jugular v

17

Lymph Drainage from anterior part of scalp and forehead

Submandibular lymph nodes

18

Lymph drainage from lateral part of scalp above ear

superficial parotid nodes

19

Lymph drainage from scalp above and behind ear

mastoid nodes

20

lymph drainage from back of scalp

occipital nodes

21

Connects skin to bone

loose CT

22

Trigeminal N

innervates skin of the face except area over parotid gland (Great auricular N)
innervates mouth, teeth, nasal cavities,paranasal air sinus

23

Divisions of Trigeminal N

Ophthalmic, Maxillary, Mandibular

24

Ophthalmic Division of Trigeminal N

Inn skin of forehead, upper eyelid, conjunctiva, side and tip of nose

25

Maxillary Division of Trigeminal N

inn skin of side of nose, lower eyelid, cheek, upper lip, lateral side of orbital opening

26

Mandibular Division of Trigeminal N

Inn skin of lower lip, lower part of face, temporal region, part of ear

27

Facial and Superficial Temporal Arteries

supplies blood to face

28

Pulse of Facial Artery

felt where it crosses mandible

29

Connects Facial V to Cavernous Sinus

Superior Ophthalmic V

30

Lymph drainage of lower lip and skin of chin

Submental lymph nodes

31

Orbicularis Oculi

Sphincter m of eyelid

32

Levator Palpebrae Superioris and Occipitofrontalis

dilator mm of eyelid

33

Compressor Naris

Sphincter m of nose

34

Dilator Naris

Dilator m of nose

35

Orbicularis Oris

Sphincter m of lips

36

Inn of orbicularis oris

buccal and mandibular branches of facial n

37

Pierces Buccinator M

Parotid duct

38

Buccinator M

compress cheeks and lips against teeth
inn by buccal branch

39

Temporal Branch of Facial N

inn anterior and superior auricular m, frontal belly of occipitofrontalis, orbicularis oculi, corrugator supercilii

40

Zygomatic Branch of Facial N

inn orbicularis oculi

41

Buccal Branch of Facial N

inn buccinator, mm of upper lip and nostril

42

Mandibular Branch of Facial N

inn muscle of lower lip

43

Cervical Branch of Facial N

inn platysma