Factors affecting speech and language development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Factors affecting speech and language development Deck (20):
1

What are intrinsic factors?

Within-child

2

What are extrinsic factors?

Environmental

3

What are the intrinsic factors?

Genetics
Physical
Neurological
Cognitive development
Sensory abilities
Birth weight
Health
Gender

4

What is fragile X?

Learning disabilities and cognitive impairment

5

What is velocardiofacial syndrome?

Cleft palate

6

What is foxP2?

Genetic factor of speech disorder

7

What is CNTNAP2?

Associated with autism spectrum disorder/specific language impairment

8

What is Landau Kleffner Syndrome?

Age-related epilepsy syndrome of childhood - loss of speech and language skills

9

What focal brain lesions are part of neurological factors?

Trauma
Infection
Bleeding
Cerebral Palsy

10

What craniofacial difficulties are associated with physical abilities?

Cleft palate
Apert syndrome - abnormal development of the skull
DiGeorge syndrome - defect in chromosome 22 - poor development of several body systems

11

What mobility difficulties are associated with physical abilities?

Spina bifida - spine does not develop properly, leaving a gap in the spine
Muscular dystrophies - weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion
Celerbral Palsy

These may affect play and interaction opportunities

12

What factors are related with cognitive development?

IQ is generally related to language development - closely linked to vocab development
Generalised development delay
Moderate/severe/profound intellectual impairment

13

What are the sensory-hearing features?

Congenital hearing loss, e.g. sensorineural damage
Temporary hearing loss, e.g. glue ear
- affects vocabulary, sentence structure, speaking

14

What the sensory-vision features?

Limited access to environment
Different feedback from others
Reduced integration of information

15

What are idiopathic disorders?

Disorders of unknown/uncertain origin
Many disorders do not have a known cause, e.g. SLI, autism, ADHD
Although, they are continually being researched and 'risk factors' being identified, including genetics, psychological, neurological, health and environmental factors

16

What are the extrinsic factors?

Language environment/parental behaviours
Social disadvantage
Family structure
Deprivation and neglect

17

What are the features to do with language environment?

Infant directed speech
- amount
- type
Parent-child interaction
Opportunities for language learning
Play environment
Parental education
Parental mental health

18

What are the features to do with social disadvantage?

Low socio-economic status (SES) is associated with language delay
- however, this is complex

19

What are the features to do with family structure?

First born and only children may have a slight advantage in language development
Research suggests this is due to the richer language environment
Twin children/multiple births have slightly slower language development than singletons

20

What are the features to do with emotional deprivation and neglect?

A secure emotional and social environment foster interactions - provides safe context for child to experiment with language
Self-esteem can affect functional communication, regardless of language
Extreme deprivaton, e.g. Genie