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Flashcards in Falls Deck (9)
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1

Define Syncope

transient loss of consciousness characterised by fast onset and spontaneous recovery, caused by reduced perfusion pressure in the brain

2

Name 3 pre-syncope symptoms

Light-headedness, sweating, pallor, blurred vision

3

What is reflex syncope?

activation of medulla causes a decrease in sympathetic output and increase in parasympathetic. Drop in CO and BP causes reduced cerebral perfusion

4

What is orthostatic syncope?

Symptoms after standing from sitting or lying, 20 mmHg drop in BP or more

5

How much blood pools in the legs when standing?

500-800mls

6

Why does the baroreceptor reflex fail?

Baroreceptors become less sensitive with age and hypertension

7

What is cardiac syncope?

Caused by cardiac disease or abnormality ( electrical, structural/ coronary)

8

What percentage of falls result in a fracture?

1%

9

What can rhabdomyolysis cause?

electrolyte disturbance, DIC, renal failure and multi-organ failure