Falls and Osteoporotic Fractures in Elderly People Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 2, Block 12 (Neurological, Neuromuscular, and MSK Diseases) > Falls and Osteoporotic Fractures in Elderly People > Flashcards

Flashcards in Falls and Osteoporotic Fractures in Elderly People Deck (8):
1

What are 4 common fractures sites following a fall?

- Distal radius
- Vertebrae
- Proximal femur
- Promixal humerus

2

What are some consequences of falling?

- Fear of falling
- Self-imposed activity restriction
- Loss of mobility
- Social isolation
- Depression
- Increased dependency
- Impact on carers
- Institutionalisation

3

What does 1 QALY mean?

1 year of perfect health

4

Neck of femur fractures can be divided into two sub-types - what are they?

Intra-capsular fracture (blood supply disturbed)
Extra-capsular fracture (blood supply mantained)

5

What are some risk factors for Osteoporosis?

Old age
Female
Previous fracture
Steroid use
Recurrent falls
Liver disease
Endocrine abnormalities

6

What group(s) of medications can be offered to reduce risk of hip fractures?

Bisphosphonates
Vitamin D supplementation
HRT
Teriparatide (PTH analogue)
Denusumab

7

What is the name for the monoclonal antibody offered to reduce fractures?

Denusumab (Prolia)

8

Daily use of Bisphosphonates is often associated with what problems?

Poor complaince (big tablets)
Gastric problems