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Flashcards in Falls history Deck (9):
1

What information about the fall(s) itself should be asked?

If this was the first, and if not how many have happened before?
What happened before, during (try to identify cause of fall) and after
If consciousness was lost
If any injuries were sustained

2

Reason for conducting a thorough systems review in a falls history

To identify risk factors for falls

3

Neurological/ENT/opthalmology system review- ask about

Visual problems
Instability of gait
? delirium/dementia (e.g. memory loss)
syncope
Dizziness

4

MSK review- ask about

Joint pain
Muscle pain
Bone pain
Fractures
Periods of immobility

5

Cardio review- ask about

Dizziness/syncope
Chest pain
Palpitations
Shortness of breath

6

Endocrine causes for falls

Peripheral neuropathy
Polyuria,nocturia
Retinopathy
Hypoglycaemia

7

What is an independent risk factor for falls?

Polypharmacy- 5 or more drugs

8

Aspects of social history to ask about

Living situation and environment
Activities of daily living
Mobility
Alcohol
Footwear

9

Tests which can be used to specifically assess falls risk

Timed up and go test
turn 180 degrees test